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אֲדֹנִי בֶזֶק (שופטים א)
A Canaanite king captured and killed during שבט יהודה 's conquest of its territory. אדני בזק is a wicked king who severs the thumbs and big toes of his captured foes and forces them (70 in all) to scrounge for scraps of food under his table. The men from יהודה disfigure him in like manner.
אֲדֹנִי צֶדֶק (יהושע י)
King of ירושלים from the nation of אֱמֹר . Upon hearing of יהושע 's conquest of יריחו and עי as well as the submission of the גבעונים , אדני צדק forges a pact with other local Amorite kings: הוהם , פראם , יפיע and דביר . Together the five attack גבעון for making peace with Israel. The outmanned גבעונים call יהושע for assistance. יהושע and his army arrive and defeat the five armies with two miracles thrown in by God to make the job easier.
אֲדֹנִיָּה (נחמיה י:יז)
A leader of the people during the time of נחמיה , אדניה is a signatory to a pledge - an אֲמָנָה - affirmed by the leaders of the community. Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.
אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ (דברי הימים ב יז:ח)
The Judean king יהושפט is a righteous leader who walks in the ways of God. He sends a delegation of religious authorities on a circuit throughout the cities of יהודה to teach Torah to the people. אדניהו , a לוי , is one of the instructors in that group.
אֲדֹנִיָּה בֶּן דָּוִד (אֲדֹנִיָּה) (שמואל ב ג:ד, מלכים א א, ב, דברי הימים א ג:ב)
דוד 's fourth son. His mother is חַגִּית . When דוד becomes old and weak, אדניה decides that he will be the next king. He assembles chariots and runners and gathers some of his father's advisors- יואב בן צרויה and אביתר הכהן to support him, spurning צדוק הכהן , בניהו בן יהוידע , נתן הנביא , and of course שלמה . While celebrating אדניה 's imminent coronation, יונתן בן אביתר arrives with news that דוד has chosen שלמה as Israel's next leader. The party breaks up suddenly and אדניה , fearing שלמה , runs and seizes the horns of the מזבח believing that he will be safe there. שלמה sends word that if אדניה behaves, no harm will come to him. After דוד dies אדניה asks בת שבע to appeal to שלמה to grant him דוד 's concubine, אבישג השונמית , as a wife. שלמה sees this as a challenge to his throne and he has אדניה killed by בניהו בן יהוידע . The story of אדניה 's attempt to seize Israel's throne and דוד 's selection of שלמה to succeed him (מלכים א פרק א ) is read as the הפטרה for פרשת חיי שרה .
אֲדֹנִיקָם (עזרא ב:יג, ח:יג, נחמיה ז:יח )
666 (or 667) of this man's descendants return to יהודה with זְרֻבָּבֶל following the edict of כּוֹרֶשׁ . Other descendants of his accompany עזרא to Israel from בבל .
אֲדֹנִירָם בֶּן עַבְדָּא (אֲדֹרָם , הֲדֹרָם) (מלכים א ד:ו, ה:כח, דברי הימים ב י:יח)
Labour minister under שלמה המלך and under his son רחבעם , responsible for enlisting people to work for the state. אדנירם is put in charge of organizing and dispatching labourers to cut timber in Lebanon for שלמה 's construction of the בית המקדש . After רחבעם 's rise to the throne, the king announces that he will be tougher on the people than his father was. אדרם was the first casualty of this policy. רחבעם sends אדרם to quell the rebellion against him, and the people of ישראל stone him to death.