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אֲדֹנִיָּה   (נחמיה י:יז)
A leader of the people during the time of נחמיה אדניה   is a signatory to a pledge - an אֲמָנָה affirmed by the leaders of the community. Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.

אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ   (דברי הימים ב יז:ח)
The Judean king יהושפט   is a righteous leader who walks in the ways of God. He sends a delegation of religious authorities on a circuit throughout the cities of יהודה   to teach Torah to the people. אדניהו a לוי is one of the instructors in that group.

אֲדֹנִיָּה בֶּן דָּוִד   (אֲדֹנִיָּה)  (שמואל ב ג:ד, מלכים א א, ב, דברי הימים א ג:ב)
דוד 's  fourth son. His mother is חַגִּית When דוד   becomes old and weak, אדניה   decides that he will be the next king. He assembles chariots and runners and gathers some of his father's advisors- יואב בן צרויה   and אביתר הכהן   to support him, spurning צדוק הכהן בניהו בן יהוידע נתן הנביא and of course שלמה While celebrating אדניה 's  imminent coronation, יונתן בן אביתר   arrives with news that דוד   has chosen שלמה   as Israel's next leader. The party breaks up suddenly and אדניה fearing שלמה runs and seizes the horns of the מזבח   believing that he will be safe there. שלמה   sends word that if אדניה   behaves, no harm will come to him. After דוד   dies אדניה   asks בת שבע   to appeal to שלמה   to grant him דוד 's  concubine, אבישג השונמית as a wife. שלמה   sees this as a challenge to his throne and he has אדניה   killed by בניהו בן יהוידע The story of אדניה 's  attempt to seize Israel's throne and דוד 's  selection of שלמה   to succeed him (מלכים א פרק א ) is read as the הפטרה   for פרשת חיי שרה .

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