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  ( -, :)
Seventh son of   and first son of   names her maid's son   for she believes that "fortune has come ( read as )" to her ( ). The tribes of   and   as well as half of   request land on the eastern side of the Jordan river rather than on the western side. They feel that the eastern side will better support their abundant cattle.   grants their wish on condition that they participate in the battles on the western side of the river too ( ).   reminds the tribes of their obligation in chapter 1 of   and acknowledges that their responsibility has been fulfilled in chapter 22. After the tribes return to their land on the eastern side of the Jordan River, they construct an altar which is interpreted by the western Israelites as a break with the nation and a forbidden act. A delegation confronts the eastern community and threatens them with war if they do not remove the altar. The tribes answer that the altar they have built is not for sacrifices, but is a monument to their association with the rest of Israel ( ).



  ( :, , :)
This prophet first appears to   to instruct him not to continue hiding from   in   but to return to After   conducts a census,   speaks to the king on behalf of God allowing him to choose a punishment. He also advises   on how to end the subsequent plague. The text does not explain why taking a census is a sin.



  ( :)
A descendant of .



father of



  ( - )
The spy representing   sent to   by   and nine of his colleagues return to the nation with an anxious message of doom, arguing that although the land of Israel is a good land, it is inhabited by fearsome opponents whom   will be unable to defeat.   and the remaining two spies, plead with the nation to ignore such pessimism and to trust that God will assist the nation in conquering the land. The people however, are persuaded by the majority of the spies and cry that they would have been better off dying in Egypt. God punishes   for their lack of faith, condemning them to wander in the desert for forty years. God declares that since this generation has rejected the land, they will not inherit it; instead, their children will be the ones to enter the promised land. The ten faithless spies die in a plague ( ).



  ( -)
The spy representing   sent to   by   and nine of his colleagues return to the nation with an anxious message of doom, arguing that although the land of Israel is a good land, it is inhabited by fearsome opponents whom   will be unable to defeat.   and the remaining two spies, plead with the nation to ignore such pessimism and to trust that God will assist the nation in conquering the land. The people however, are persuaded by the majority of the spies and cry that they would have been better off dying in Egypt. God punishes   for their lack of faith, condemning them to wander in the desert for forty years. God declares that since this generation has rejected the land, they will not inherit it; instead, their children will be the ones to enter the promised land. The ten faithless spies die in a plague ( ).



  ( :, :)
Descendants of this   return to   with   following the edict of .



  ( :, :)
Descendants of this servant of   return to   with   following the edict of .



grandfather of



  ( :)
A member of 's  family who is pressured to give up his non-Jewish wife in the time of .



  ( :-, :, -)
  is installed as governor over the depleted population of Judea after   sacks   and exiles the people of As soon as   conquers   rescues   from his prison cell and puts him in the protection of   is based in   and various Judean army captains come to him there. The governor persuades many of these Jewish soldiers to submit to the rule of As a vassal of   he is despised by some of the Judean survivors. After ignoring warnings from   as to the evil intentions of   he is assassinated by the latter.



  ( :, )
A   and musician who plays in the sanctuary service in the time of He leads the group which works second in the cycle of 24 divisions of .



  ( :-)
A minister under King He and other ministers arrest   because they feel that his prophecies of doom are weakening the morale of the people. They then convince the king to allow them to throw   into a pit.   is rescued by the intervention of .



  ( : )
A   and musician who plays in the sanctuary service in the time of He leads the group which works twenty-second in the cycle of 24 divisions of .



  (, )  ( -, :, :)
The fifth judge in   (from the family of ) is selected from   to lead a force of soldiers against invading marauders from   and   (peoples from the east). At first skeptical of God's promise to assist him,   asks for and receives several signs to prove that indeed God will be with him; the most famous being the wool and dew test. Before his campaign begins,   destroys an altar to   that his townsfolk have erected. With only 300 men,   routs the enemy at   near   (just south of the ), killing at least 120,000 men ( : ). After his victory,   punishes the Jewish inhabitants of   and   for not assisting his men. Impressed with his leadership, the people of Israel offer to make   king over them. The leader declines and instead rules as a judge for 40 years. One of 's  70 sons, attempts to succeed him.



father of


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