|א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת|
הֶבֶל (בראשית ד)
Second-born son of אדם and חוה . הבל spurns farming, his father's business, and becomes a shepherd. When הבל 's older brother קין brings an offering to God, הבל follows suit and presents some choice sheep to the Lord. God approves of הבל 's offering and disapproves of קין 's. קין is angry at his brother's success and kills him (פרשת בראשית ).
הֵגֶא (הֵגַי) (בראשית ב)
After Queen וַשׁתִּי is deposed, אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ decides that he needs a new wife. Virgins are collected from across the kingdom and put in the care of הגא , a eunuch in charge of the king's harem. These maidens spend a year preparing for an audience with the king, at the end of which they spend a night with him. When אֶסְתֵּר is brought to the harem, הגא is much taken with her and provides her and her entourage with special treatment.
הָגָר (בראשית טז, כא )
An Egyptian woman who is a maid of שרה and who becomes אברהם 's second wife. Because שרה is barren, she suggests to her husband that he marry הגר and produce a son with her. אברהם agrees, but when הגר does in fact get pregnant, she despises שרה . שרה in turn treats הגר harshly and the woman runs away. An angel who finds הגר tells her to return to שרה . He also tells the woman that she will have a son whom she will name ישמעאל and he will be a wild man (פרשת לך לך ). Later, שרה tells אברהם to banish הגר and her son ישמעאל from their home because ישמעאל is taunting יצחק . God supports שרה 's plan and אברהם sends mother and son to the desert. There, they run out of water and הגר distances herself from ישמעאל so that she will not witness his death. An angel appears and reveals a well of water which saves the pair. הגר finds an Egyptian wife for her son (פרשת וירא ).
הַגְרִאִים (דברי הימים א ה:י)
father of מִבְחָר
הֲדַד בֶּן בְּדַד (בראשית לו:לה, דברי הימים א א:מו )
A king of אדום who rules after חֻשָׁם in the town of עֲוִית .
הֲדַד הָאֲדֹמִי (אֲדַד) (מלכים א יא:יד-כב)
As a punishment for שלמה המלך 's idolatry, God empowers this king to harass שלמה . הדד had previously fled אדום for Egypt because יואב was oppressing אדום .
הֲדַדְעֶזֶר בֶּן רְחֹב מֶלֶךְ צוֹבָה (הֲדַרְעֶזֶר) (שמואל ב ח, י, דברי הימים א יח:ג-ח )
צובה is a kingdom of אֲרָם in what is today Syria. דוד defeats its king הדדעזר and when the Arameans of Damascus try to help הדדעזר , דוד conquers them too. הדדעזר again tries to fight דוד during his war against עמון and is again defeated. הדדעזר 's people finally submit to דוד 's rule.
הֲדוֹרָם בֶּן יָקְטָן (בראשית י:כז, דברי הימים א א:כא)
A grandson of עבר , great-grandson of שלח .
הִדַּי מִנַּחֲלֵי גָעַשׁ (חוּרַי) (שמואל ב כג:ל, דברי הימים א יא:לב)
A hero in דוד 's army.
another name for אֶסְתֵּר
הֲדַר (הֲדַד) (בראשית לו:לט, דברי הימים א א:נ )
הוֹד בֶּן צוֹפַח (דברי הימים א ז:לז)
הוֹדַוְיָה (עזרא ב:מ, נחמיה ז:מג)
הוֹדַוְיָה (הוֹדְוָה) (דברי הימים א ה:כד)
הוֹדַוְיָה (הוֹדְוָה) (דברי הימים א ה:כד)
הוֹדַוְיָה (דברי הימים א ט:ז)
הוֹדִיָּה (דברי הימים א ד:יט)
הוֹדִיָּה (נחמיה ח:ז, ט:ה )
Following נחמיה 's reconstruction of the walls of ירושלים , a national assembly is called at which עזרא reads to the people from the Torah. הודיה helps עזרא explain the Torah text to the people. He and other לְוִיִּם call on the people to praise God. This might be the same הודיה who is a signatory to a pledge - an אֲמָנָה - affirmed by the leaders of the community in the time of נחמיה (נחמיה י :יא ). Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.
הוֹדִיָּה (נחמיה י:יד)
A second לוי by this name living during the time of נחמיה who is a signatory to a pledge - an אֲמָנָה - affirmed by the leaders of the community. Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.
הוֹדִיָּה (נחמיה י:יט)
A leader of the people during the time of נחמיה , הודיה is a signatory to a pledge - an אֲמָנָה - affirmed by the leaders of the community. Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.
הוֹדַיְוָהוּ בֶּן אֶלְיוֹעֵינַי (הוֹדַוְיְָהוּ קרי) (דברי הימים א ג:כד)
הוֹהָם (יהושע י)
King of חברון from the nation of אֱמֹר . He bands together with four other kings and is soundly defeated by יהושע .
הוֹשָׁמָע בֶּן יְכָנְיָה (דברי הימים א ג:יח)
הוֹשֵׁעַ (נחמיה י:כד)
A leader of the people during the time of נחמיה , הושע is a signatory to a pledge - an אֲמָנָה - affirmed by the leaders of the community. Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.
הוֹשֵׁע בֶּן אֵלָה (מלכים ב טו:ל, יז )
Nineteenth king of Israel who reigns following his assassination of פּקח בן רמליהו . הושע is a sinful king, and is forced to become a vassal of שלמנאסר king of אשור . At a certain point הושע refuses to pay tribute to him and attempts to build an alliance with Egypt's king סוֹא . שלמנאסר imprisons הושע and exiles the people of ישראל to אשור . הושע is the last king of Israel. In a lengthy passage (מלכים ב יז :ז -כג ) the text attributes Israel's and Judah's misfortunes to widespread abandonment of God.
הוֹשֵׁעַ בֶּן בְּאֵרִי (הושע)
A prophet during the late First Temple period. From the first verse of הושע 's book we learn that the prophet was active during the tenure of the Israelite king יָרָבְעָם בֶּן יוֹאָשׁ , as well as during the reigns of four Judean kings: עֻזִּיָּה בֶּן אֲמַצְיָהוּ , יוֹתָם בֶּן עֻזִּיָּה , אָחָז בֶּן יוֹתָם , and יְחִזְקִיָּהוּ בֶּן אָחָז , who were יהודה 's 10th to 13th kings. God's first communication to הושע is a command for him to marry a prostitute, symbolizing Israel's abandonment of God for other faiths (1:2). (The theme of infidelity is further developed in chapter 2.) הושע marries a woman named גֹּמֶר בַּת דִּבְלָיִם , who bears him three children; each is given a symbolic name. The first child is named יִזְרְעֶאל which has two meanings: God will "plant" Israel in its land after the nation has been punished for its sins, but God will first destroy the kingdom of Israel which contains the region known as the 'valley of יזרעאל '. The second child is a girl named לֹא רֻחָמָה indicating that God will have no mercy on His people. The third child, a boy, is named of לֹא עַמִּי - God is disowning His people by declaring they are "not my nation". Nevertheless, God promises that the threat of each name will be reversed in the future: the symbolism of לא עמי will be replaced as Israel will be called בְּנֵי אֵ -ל חָי - children of the living God; יִזְרְעֶאל will be rebuilt; God will show compassion for His people. After גמר betrays הושע by sleeping with other men, the prophet is told to take her back, just like God will take back his straying nation (chapter 3). Indeed, God declares that after the nation of Israel has been with other gods, He will marry her again -
וְאֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ לִי לְעוֹלָם וְאֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ לִי בְּצֶדֶק וּבְמִשְׁפָּט וּבְחֶסֶד וּבְרַחֲמִים : וְאֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ לִי בֶּאֱמוּנָה וְיָדַעַתְּ אֶת ה ':
I will betroth you unto Me forever; I will betroth you unto Me in righteousness, and in justice and in kindness and compassion; I will betroth you unto Me in faithfulness and you will know the Lord (2:21-22). Nevertheless, while הושע does hold out a pledge of hope of salvation and redemption (2:1-3, 2:16-25), his primary message remains a warning to the people of impending doom and exile (2:4-15, 5:8-15, 8:5, 10:13-15, chapter 13, 14:1).
The following are some additional themes that הושע emphasizes in his communications.
a. Israel is sinful and corrupt, and ignores God (chapter 4, 6:4-7:7, 8:1, 8:14, 9:10-17, chapter 12, 13:6)
b. Israel's כהנים and ministers lead the people in misbehaving (4:4-10, 5:1-7)
c. God desires obedience rather than sacrifices (6:6, 8:13)
d. Israel is called upon to repent (10:12, chapter 14)
e. God has always loved Israel and will show her mercy (chapter 11)
Several הפטרות (supplemental Shabbat readings) are taken from the prophecies of הושע . Here is a list of those פרשיות and their corresponding selections from ספר הושע . (Chapter numbers do not always indicate that the full chapter is read.)
ויצא 12-14 (לאשכנזים ) 11-12 (לספרדים ), וישלח 11-12 (לאשכנזים ), במדבר 2, וילך 14.
הוֹשֵׁעַ בִּן נוּן