Thirteenth king of
who succeeds his father. A righteous king who follows the ways of his ancestor
halts idolatrous practices in the land of
is credited with being completely loyal to God. He tirelessly cleanses the Temple and invites the citizens of Israel to come to
holiday (דברי הימים ב כט -ל )
is threatened by
king, and agrees to pay a huge tribute to the invader, which includes the gold from the doors of the
בית המקדש .
attacks anyway and captures all of
fortified towns, occupying
The Assyrian king sends an army led by
to call for the capital's surrender.
sends three of his officers to hear
speech and the three return, dismayed, in torn clothes.
sends these same three to
the prophet who tells them not to be afraid: God will chase the enemy back to his homeland where he will be defeated. Upon receiving another message of doom from
בית המקדש ,
letters on the floor, and prays to God for salvation. Again,
receives confirmation from
that all will be well. Indeed, that night God strikes the army of
killing 185,000 soldiers.
flees back to
where he is assassinated by two of his sons.
falls ill and receives
who tells him that he will die of his illness.
prays to God asking Him to recall his righteousness. God tells
to inform the king that his prayers have been heard: not only will he recover, he will live for another fifteen years. A song describing the king's fear of his imminent death, and joy at recovery is recorded in
ישעיה לח .
בְּרֹאדַךְ בַּלְאֲדָן בֶּן בַּלְאֲדָן ,
a king of
sends a present to the ill
who gives the messengers a tour of the royal treasures. God objects to the fraternization between the two nations and tells
that in the future
is also noted for the water tunnel that he digs to bring water into besieged
מלכים ב כ :כ
דברי הימים ב לב :ל ).
rules for 29 years and his son
reigns after his death. According to the Gemara,
leads a group of writers in composing the book of
(בבא בתרא טו ..
A different tradition credits
with these last three works.)