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  ( :- )
Leader of the clan   who are descendants of The steadfastness of these people to their traditions is held up as an example to the people of .



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An elder statesman during the last years of   who is accused by God of leading his people astray. His doom is predicted.



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This army captain escapes the conquest of   by He is persuaded by the Babylonian-appointed governor of to serve   and the   loyally. Following the assassination of   and   appeal to the prophet   to pray to God on their behalf since the state of   has greatly deteriorated. God tells   to assure the leaders to remain in He will protect them from The remaining Jews are further warned against settling in Egypt and are told that if they run there to escape famine and the sword, these threats will follow them there. Nevertheless, the remnants of Judea have already decided to go to Egypt and accuse   of being a false prophet. The entire company moves to Egypt where once again   predicts their doom.



  ( :-)
One of the elders of Israel near the end of the Judean kingdom. He is accused of joining Israel's leaders in idolatrous practices under the mistaken belief that God is unaware of their behaviour.



father of



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  is the son of   is the son of   (grandson of ) and an unnamed granddaughter of   is therefore the great-great-grandson of   captures villages in renaming them In the time of Israel's first campaign against the town of   ends in defeat, with the deaths of 36 soldiers. According to one opinion in the Gemara,   was in fact the only casualty ( .).



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Eighth   of Israel,   is from   and he rules for 22 years. He has 30 sons, each of whom owns his own city.



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A delegation of Jews from the community in   comes to   with a donation for the Temple. The prophet   hosts them in 's  house.



  ( :, -, :, - )
Sixteenth king of   is first mentioned several hundred years before his birth. the first king of divided Israel receives a message from a man of God that the altar he has erected in   will years later be destroyed by a descendant of After his father   is assassinated, the people install   on the throne even though he is but eight years old.   abandons the idolatry of his father and grandfather and instead chooses the path of his ancestor In the 18th year of his reign   decides to renovate the During the work, the discovers a This he sends to the king who upon hearing the curses written in the tears his clothes.   is terrified of the wrath of God described in the   and the possible punishments for sins the people might commit, since he fears that his populace is indeed guilty of such crimes. The king sends a team of five messengers to the prophetess   to inquire of the Lord, just how angry He is. The men return with the communication that God is planning to bring evil to the land but will wait until after the king's death as a reward for the humility that he has displayed.   then convenes a national assembly at which he reads from the found The king binds the people in a covenant to strictly follow the laws of God.   then embarks on a nation-wide campaign of reform to rid the people of idolatry and other sins.   destroys altars for   constructed by his predecessors:   and The king conducts a Pesach seder, complete in all its details, something which apparently had been neglected for generations. Nevertheless, despite all of the work   does in improving the nation, the text states that God plans to go ahead with His threat to destroy   marches against the king of Egypt, at during the latter's campaign up Israel's coast, but   is killed in battle. He had reigned for 31 years and is succeeded by his son The description of the   celebration in 's  time ( - ) forms the   for the second day of the holiday.



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A descendant of .



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Descendants of (See the appendix on Biblical nations)



  ( :, : )
A son of   born in .



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A Canaanite king,   forms a coalition of northern kingdoms to fight The group is soundly thrashed.



  ( )
A mighty king in   rules over Israel for 20 years with the use of 900 iron chariots. 's  general,   loses a major battle to Israel led by   following which 's  kingdom disintegrates.



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Son of the first   and a shepherd.



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A descendant of .



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A descendant of   who is one of the early settlers in   following the Jews' return to their land.



father of



father of



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A grandson of   and a chief of the family.



  ( -)
The spy representing   sent to   by   and nine of his colleagues return to the nation with an anxious message of doom, arguing that although the land of Israel is a good land, it is inhabited by fearsome opponents whom   will be unable to defeat.   and the remaining two spies, plead with the nation to ignore such pessimism and to trust that God will assist the nation in conquering the land. The people however, are persuaded by the majority of the spies and cry that they would have been better off dying in Egypt. God punishes   for their lack of faith, condemning them to wander in the desert for forty years. God declares that since this generation has rejected the land, they will not inherit it; instead, their children will be the ones to enter the promised land. The ten faithless spies die in a plague ( ).



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A hero in 's  army.



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A descendant of the nineteenth king of .



father of



father of



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A descendant of .



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A descendant of   who is pressured to give up his non-Jewish wife in the time of .



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The chief of the eastern half of   in the time of .



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A   who is credited with participating in the reconstruction of the walls of   in the time of .



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A leader of the people during the time of   is a signatory to a pledge - an affirmed by the leaders of the community. Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.


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