|א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת|
יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֵּית הַשִּׁמְשִׁי (שמואל א ו:יד )
Upon the ארון 's return to Israelite territory following its capture by the פלשתים , it ends up in the field of יהושע בית השמשי in בית שמש .
יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן יְהוֹצָדָק (יֵשׁוּעַ) (חגי א-ב, זכריה ג, ו:ט-טו, עזרא ב:ב, ג, ה:א-ה, י:יח)
The כהן גדול of the restored community of יהודה following the Jews' return from exile. Following the edict of כורש the Jews return to ירושלים from בבל . Together יהושע and זְרֻבָּבֶל בֶּן שְׁאַלְתִּיאֵל rebuild the מזבח in ירושלים in time for the holiday of סוּכּוֹת . Still, the Temple itself remains unfinished. The prophet חגי appeals to יהושע and the political leader זרבבל to lead the nation in rebuilding the Temple. יהושע and זרבבל heed this call and restart the stalled project. The two are approached by local residents who want to participate in the construction of the Temple. Their offer is rebuffed and they proceed to cause trouble for the Jews. In a vision received by the prophet זכריה , יהושע is accused by שָׂטָן of an unspecified crime. God nevertheless defends יהושע and he is restored to his position. The Jewish community in בבל sends emissaries to ירושלים with gold and silver for the restored Temple. זכריה is instructed to use the metals to make a crown for יהושע , perhaps as a sign of God's approval of the כהן , or as a reward for building the Temple. Members of יהושע 's family marry non-Jewish women and are forced to give these women up in the time of עזרא .
יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בִּן נוּן (שמות יז, כד:יג, לב:יז-יט, לג:יא, במדבר יא:כד-כט, כז:טו-כג, דברים לא:א-ג, יהושע, דברי הימים א ז:כז )
Successor of משה and second leader of בני ישראל who presides over the conquest and settlement of ארץ כנען . Soon after בני ישראל emerge from ים סוף , the nation is attacked by עמלק . משה summons יהושע and tells him to assemble an army to fight the enemy. יהושע accepts the challenge and fights עמלק while his mentor משה sits on top of a hill with his arms raised high. This combination of the spiritual tactic and the physical engagement is successful in defeating עמלק (פרשת בשלח ). When משה ascends הר סיני following revelation, יהושע accompanies him part way up (פרשת משפטים ). God tells משה that the nation has sinned and has made a golden calf. משה pleads to God on the nation's behalf and then starts his return down the mountain. He is joined midway by יהושע who mistakes the noise coming from below for sounds of war. משה , who knows that the people are practicing idolatry, tells יהושע that he is in error. יהושע is said to be משה 's constant companion, staying by משה 's side when he receives the word of God in אהל מועד (פרשת כי תשא ). אלדד and מידד are two men who become prophets and who prophesy uncontrollably. יהושע suggests that משה imprison them but משה counters that he is not threatened by more prophets (פרשת בהעלתך ). יהושע represents שבט אפרים when משה sends spies to check out the land of Israel. He and כלב of שבט יהודה are the only two of the 12 who give a positive report regarding the land. It is during this episode that משה changes יהושע 's name from its original הוֹשֵׁעַ (but see רמב "ן to שמות יז :ט who suggests that the name change took place much earlier). For this faith in God, יהושע and כלב are the only survivors of their generation to enter the land 38 years later (פרשת שלח ). Upon משה 's request to God to appoint a new leader, יהושע is presented to the nation, in the company of אלעזר הכהן , as the one who will lead Israel into the promised land (פרשת פינחס ). God tells משה to encourage and strengthen יהושע - חזקהו ואמצהו , terms which are repeated often early in יהושע 's leadership of the people (פרשת ואתחנן ). In preparation for entering the land of Israel יהושע reminds the tribes of ראובן , גד and half of מנשה of the deal they made with משה to assist in the conquest of כנען (chapter 1 in ספר יהושע ) and sends two spies to יריחו to determine the mood of the natives (chapter 2). God assists בני ישראל 's crossing of the ירדן river by stopping its flow, a miracle which also enhances יהושע 's reputation in the eyes of the people (chapters 3-4). Following a command of God, יהושע instructs the nation to have a representative from each tribe contribute a stone to a monument. This heap of stones is erected at the banks of the Jordan as a remembrance of the miracle performed there. בני ישראל crosses the Jordan River into the Land of Israel on the 10th of ניסן (chapter 4). יהושע organizes a mass circumcision of Israel's males and the nation celebrates פסח before embarking on the conquest of the land (chapter 5). Although the entire campaign is believed to be fought with divine assistance, the battle for יריחו contains the most explicit miracle in the book of יהושע . To capture the city, בני ישראל circle יריחו for six days, and on the seventh day they march seven times around the town. The כהנים blow on their שופרות and the walls of the city collapse (chapter 6). רחב , the woman who harbors the two spies in chapter 2, is rescued. יהושע makes two declarations during this battle. The first is a ban against reaping any of the spoils of the city - everything must be destroyed or dedicated to God. The violation of this decree by עכן is the indirect cause of Israel's initial loss in the fight for the next town of עי (chapter 7). יהושע 's second declaration is a curse against anybody who rebuilds the city of יריחו . This is violated by חִיאֵל centuries later (מלכים א טז :לד ). The second attempt at conquering עי employs a clever strategy and is successful. יהושע then performs the ceremony at הר גריזים and הר עיבל as described in דברים כז (chapter 8). The next tale in the book tells of the גבעונים who deceive יהושע into signing a non-aggression pact with them (chapter 9). Five kings from the nation of אֱמֹר led by אדני צדק band together and attack the גבעונים . יהושע comes to the aid of his new ally and defeats the five. During this battle God rains boulders on the fleeing enemy. He also pauses the setting of the sun in order to give יהושע more daylight to fight. The five kings are trapped in a cave, and subsequently they are executed by יהושע (chapter 10). The general continues his march across the Promised Land, defeating a northern coalition of states (chapter 11) and many other kings. A list of these conquests appears in chapter 12. The division and settlement of the land starts in chapter 13. This work is overseen by יהושע , אלעזר הכהן and the heads of the tribes. After the land of Israel is conquered, יהושע sets up three cities of refuge to complement those established by משה (chapter 20) as well as 48 cities for the לְוִיִּם within the other tribes' territories (chapter 21). יהושע acknowledges that the tribes of ראובן , גד and half of מנשה have fulfilled their obligation of fighting on behalf of their cousins, and dismisses them to the eastern side of the ירדן cautioning them to maintain the ways of the תורה (chapter 22). יהושע 's farewell address exhorting the nation to maintain the laws of the תורה ends the book named for him (chapters 23-24). יהושע dies at age 110 and has the following distinction: during his tenure בני ישראל are completely loyal to God (24:31). יהושע is credited with composing the book bearing his name, and according to one opinion records the last eight verses in the תורה following משה 's death (בבא בתרא יד :-טו .). Jewish tradition also attributes the second blessing of ברכת המזון (ברכת הארץ ) to יהושע (ברכות מח :), as well as the עלינו prayer (כל בו דף ח '). The tale of יהושע 's spies (chapter 2) is read as the הפטרה for פרשת שלח , while the account of יהושע taking the reigns of leadership (chapter 1) is read after פרשת וזאת הברכה (read on שמחת תורה ), which tells of משה 's death. יהושע 's celebration of פסח (chapter 5) forms the הפטרה for the first day of that holiday.
יְהוֹשֻׁעַ שַׂר הָעִיר (מלכים ב כג:ח )