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יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֵּית הַשִּׁמְשִׁי   (שמואל א ו:יד )
Upon the ארון 's  return to Israelite territory following its capture by the פלשתים it ends up in the field of יהושע בית השמשי   in בית שמש .



יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן יְהוֹצָדָק   (יֵשׁוּעַ)  (חגי א-ב, זכריה ג, ו:ט-טו, עזרא ב:ב, ג, ה:א-ה, י:יח)
The כהן גדול   of the restored community of יהודה   following the Jews' return from exile. Following the edict of כורש   the Jews return to ירושלים   from בבל Together יהושע   and זְרֻבָּבֶל בֶּן שְׁאַלְתִּיאֵל   rebuild the מזבח   in ירושלים   in time for the holiday of סוּכּוֹת Still, the Temple itself remains unfinished. The prophet חגי   appeals to יהושע   and the political leader זרבבל   to lead the nation in rebuilding the Temple. יהושע   and זרבבל   heed this call and restart the stalled project. The two are approached by local residents who want to participate in the construction of the Temple. Their offer is rebuffed and they proceed to cause trouble for the Jews. In a vision received by the prophet זכריה יהושע   is accused by שָׂטָן   of an unspecified crime. God nevertheless defends יהושע   and he is restored to his position. The Jewish community in בבל   sends emissaries to ירושלים   with gold and silver for the restored Temple. זכריה   is instructed to use the metals to make a crown for יהושע perhaps as a sign of God's approval of the כהן or as a reward for building the Temple. Members of יהושע 's  family marry non-Jewish women and are forced to give these women up in the time of עזרא .



יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בִּן נוּן   (שמות יז, כד:יג, לב:יז-יט, לג:יא, במדבר יא:כד-כט, כז:טו-כג, דברים לא:א-ג, יהושע, דברי הימים א ז:כז )
Successor of משה   and second leader of בני ישראל   who presides over the conquest and settlement of ארץ כנען Soon after בני ישראל   emerge from ים סוף the nation is attacked by עמלק משה   summons יהושע   and tells him to assemble an army to fight the enemy. יהושע   accepts the challenge and fights עמלק   while his mentor משה   sits on top of a hill with his arms raised high. This combination of the spiritual tactic and the physical engagement is successful in defeating עמלק   (פרשת בשלח ). When משה   ascends הר סיני   following revelation, יהושע   accompanies him part way up (פרשת משפטים ). God tells משה   that the nation has sinned and has made a golden calf. משה   pleads to God on the nation's behalf and then starts his return down the mountain. He is joined midway by יהושע   who mistakes the noise coming from below for sounds of war. משה who knows that the people are practicing idolatry, tells יהושע   that he is in error. יהושע   is said to be משה 's  constant companion, staying by משה 's  side when he receives the word of God in אהל מועד   (פרשת כי תשא ). אלדד   and מידד   are two men who become prophets and who prophesy uncontrollably. יהושע   suggests that משה   imprison them but משה   counters that he is not threatened by more prophets (פרשת בהעלתך ). יהושע   represents שבט אפרים   when משה   sends spies to check out the land of Israel. He and כלב   of שבט יהודה   are the only two of the 12 who give a positive report regarding the land. It is during this episode that משה   changes יהושע 's  name from its original הוֹשֵׁעַ   (but see רמב "ן   to שמות יז :ט   who suggests that the name change took place much earlier). For this faith in God, יהושע   and כלב   are the only survivors of their generation to enter the land 38 years later (פרשת שלח ). Upon משה 's  request to God to appoint a new leader, יהושע   is presented to the nation, in the company of אלעזר הכהן as the one who will lead Israel into the promised land (פרשת פינחס ). God tells משה   to encourage and strengthen יהושע חזקהו ואמצהו terms which are repeated often early in יהושע 's  leadership of the people (פרשת ואתחנן ). In preparation for entering the land of Israel יהושע   reminds the tribes of ראובן גד   and half of מנשה   of the deal they made with משה   to assist in the conquest of כנען   (chapter 1 in ספר יהושע ) and sends two spies to יריחו   to determine the mood of the natives (chapter 2). God assists בני ישראל 's  crossing of the ירדן   river by stopping its flow, a miracle which also enhances יהושע 's  reputation in the eyes of the people (chapters 3-4). Following a command of God, יהושע   instructs the nation to have a representative from each tribe contribute a stone to a monument. This heap of stones is erected at the banks of the Jordan as a remembrance of the miracle performed there. בני ישראל   crosses the Jordan River into the Land of Israel on the 10th of ניסן   (chapter 4). יהושע   organizes a mass circumcision of Israel's males and the nation celebrates פסח   before embarking on the conquest of the land (chapter 5). Although the entire campaign is believed to be fought with divine assistance, the battle for יריחו   contains the most explicit miracle in the book of יהושע To capture the city, בני ישראל   circle יריחו   for six days, and on the seventh day they march seven times around the town. The כהנים   blow on their שופרות   and the walls of the city collapse (chapter 6). רחב the woman who harbors the two spies in chapter 2, is rescued. יהושע   makes two declarations during this battle. The first is a ban against reaping any of the spoils of the city - everything must be destroyed or dedicated to God. The violation of this decree by עכן   is the indirect cause of Israel's initial loss in the fight for the next town of עי   (chapter 7). יהושע 's  second declaration is a curse against anybody who rebuilds the city of יריחו This is violated by חִיאֵל   centuries later (מלכים א טז :לד ). The second attempt at conquering עי   employs a clever strategy and is successful. יהושע   then performs the ceremony at הר גריזים   and הר עיבל   as described in דברים כז   (chapter 8). The next tale in the book tells of the גבעונים   who deceive יהושע   into signing a non-aggression pact with them (chapter 9). Five kings from the nation of אֱמֹר   led by אדני צדק   band together and attack the גבעונים יהושע   comes to the aid of his new ally and defeats the five. During this battle God rains boulders on the fleeing enemy. He also pauses the setting of the sun in order to give יהושע   more daylight to fight. The five kings are trapped in a cave, and subsequently they are executed by יהושע   (chapter 10). The general continues his march across the Promised Land, defeating a northern coalition of states (chapter 11) and many other kings. A list of these conquests appears in chapter 12. The division and settlement of the land starts in chapter 13. This work is overseen by יהושע אלעזר הכהן   and the heads of the tribes. After the land of Israel is conquered, יהושע   sets up three cities of refuge to complement those established by משה   (chapter 20) as well as 48 cities for the לְוִיִּם   within the other tribes' territories (chapter 21). יהושע   acknowledges that the tribes of ראובן גד   and half of מנשה   have fulfilled their obligation of fighting on behalf of their cousins, and dismisses them to the eastern side of the ירדן   cautioning them to maintain the ways of the תורה   (chapter 22). יהושע 's  farewell address exhorting the nation to maintain the laws of the תורה   ends the book named for him (chapters 23-24). יהושע   dies at age 110 and has the following distinction: during his tenure בני ישראל   are completely loyal to God (24:31). יהושע   is credited with composing the book bearing his name, and according to one opinion records the last eight verses in the תורה   following משה 's  death (בבא בתרא יד :-טו .) Jewish tradition also attributes the second blessing of ברכת המזון   (ברכת הארץ ) to יהושע   (ברכות מח :) as well as the עלינו   prayer (כל בו דף ח ') The tale of יהושע 's  spies (chapter 2) is read as the הפטרה   for פרשת שלח while the account of יהושע   taking the reigns of leadership (chapter 1) is read after פרשת וזאת הברכה   (read on שמחת תורה ), which tells of משה 's  death. יהושע 's  celebration of פסח   (chapter 5) forms the הפטרה   for the first day of that holiday.



יְהוֹשֻׁעַ שַׂר הָעִיר   (מלכים ב כג:ח )
A governor of באר שבע   during the reign of יאשיהו He seems to allow עבודה זרה   in his town.


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