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יְהוֹרָם בֶּן אַחְאָב   (מלכים ב ג, ה-ט, דברי הימים ב כב )
Ninth king of Israel, יהורם   takes over from his brother when the latter dies. יהורם   continues the family practice of idolatry, although he is less of a sinner than his parents were. מֵישַע king of מואב   rebels against Israel and יהורם   allies himself with יהושפט   of יהודה   (just like his father did) in order to knock מואב   back in line. The king of אדום   joins the pair. The three kings run out of water after a week and consult with the prophet אלישע   as to the success of their mission. אלישע   promises them great amounts of water and success against מואב Water miraculously appears in the dry countryside, saving the soldiers and their animals. The מואב   soldiers wake in the morning and see the sun reflecting off the unexpected water. Thinking they are seeing blood, the Moabites reason that the three kings have slaughtered each other. מואב   advances only to be routed by the alliance. The war ends inexplicably when the מואב   king kills his (or perhaps the prince of אדום 's)  son as an offering to his god. יהורם   panics when the king of ארם   sends him gold and silver with the message that his servant נעמן   will soon be arriving to be cured of his leprosy. Not knowing the first thing about curing leprosy, יהורם   tears his clothes, believing that the Aramean king is seeking a pretext to attack. אלישע   comes to יהורם 's  rescue once again by taking responsibility for the visitor's request. בן הדד king of ארם   lays siege to שמרון   and terrible hunger ensues. יהורם   is confronted by two women who have been reduced to eating their children, but he is unable to help them. The king does however blame אלישע   for the dire conditions and threatens to kill the prophet. יהורם   sends a messenger to אלישע   and אלישע   declares that the famine will end the following day. The siege ends when God causes the army of ארם   to hear the sound of chariots advancing on them. Four lepers who discover the abandoned camp lead יהורם   and the people to the free victuals and riches. יהורם   and אחזיהו בן יהורם   fight together against חזאל king of ארם יהורם   is wounded in the battle and returns to יִזְרְעֶאל   to recuperate. There יֵהוּא בֶּן נִמְשִׁי   kills both him and אחזיהו   king of יהודה יהורם 's  body is dumped in the field that once belonged to נבות   as a sign of justice for what יהורם 's  father אחאב   did to his neigbour. יהוא   succeeds יהורם .



יְהוֹרָם בֶּן יְהוֹשָׁפָט   (יוֹרָם)  (מלכים ב ח, דברי הימים א ג:יא, דברי הימים ב כא)
Fifth king of יהודה Although given the throne by his father, יהורם   safeguards his reign and has all of his brothers killed (דברי הימים ב כא :ד ). He rules for eight years and practices idolatry. For this he is rebuked by the prophet אליהו   who warns him that God will punish his behaviour by sending a plague against the nation and the king's family (דברי הימים ב כא :יד ). During his reign אדום   rebels against יהודה and Israel is invaded by the פלשתים   and other nations. All of יהורם 's  sons are taken captive in these wars except אחזיהו   who succeeds him.



יְהוֹשֶׁבַע בַּת יְהוֹרָם   (יְהוֹשַׁבְעַת)  (מלכים ב יא:א-ג, דברי הימים ב כב:יא)
Daughter of the fifth king of יהודה יהורם and sister of the sixth king אחזיהו יהושבע   rescues her one-year-old nephew יואש   from the murderous rampage of עתליה   the queen mother. יהושבע   hides יואש   for six years in the בית המקדש   under the care of a כהן her husband יְהֹויָדָע .



יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֵּית הַשִּׁמְשִׁי   (שמואל א ו:יד )
Upon the ארון 's  return to Israelite territory following its capture by the פלשתים it ends up in the field of יהושע בית השמשי   in בית שמש .



יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן יְהוֹצָדָק   (יֵשׁוּעַ)  (חגי א-ב, זכריה ג, ו:ט-טו, עזרא ב:ב, ג, ה:א-ה, י:יח)
The כהן גדול   of the restored community of יהודה   following the Jews' return from exile. Following the edict of כורש   the Jews return to ירושלים   from בבל Together יהושע   and זְרֻבָּבֶל בֶּן שְׁאַלְתִּיאֵל   rebuild the מזבח   in ירושלים   in time for the holiday of סוּכּוֹת Still, the Temple itself remains unfinished. The prophet חגי   appeals to יהושע   and the political leader זרבבל   to lead the nation in rebuilding the Temple. יהושע   and זרבבל   heed this call and restart the stalled project. The two are approached by local residents who want to participate in the construction of the Temple. Their offer is rebuffed and they proceed to cause trouble for the Jews. In a vision received by the prophet זכריה יהושע   is accused by שָׂטָן   of an unspecified crime. God nevertheless defends יהושע   and he is restored to his position. The Jewish community in בבל   sends emissaries to ירושלים   with gold and silver for the restored Temple. זכריה   is instructed to use the metals to make a crown for יהושע perhaps as a sign of God's approval of the כהן or as a reward for building the Temple. Members of יהושע 's  family marry non-Jewish women and are forced to give these women up in the time of עזרא .



יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בִּן נוּן   (שמות יז, כד:יג, לב:יז-יט, לג:יא, במדבר יא:כד-כט, כז:טו-כג, דברים לא:א-ג, יהושע, דברי הימים א ז:כז )
Successor of משה   and second leader of בני ישראל   who presides over the conquest and settlement of ארץ כנען Soon after בני ישראל   emerge from ים סוף the nation is attacked by עמלק משה   summons יהושע   and tells him to assemble an army to fight the enemy. יהושע   accepts the challenge and fights עמלק   while his mentor משה   sits on top of a hill with his arms raised high. This combination of the spiritual tactic and the physical engagement is successful in defeating עמלק   (פרשת בשלח ). When משה   ascends הר סיני   following revelation, יהושע   accompanies him part way up (פרשת משפטים ). God tells משה   that the nation has sinned and has made a golden calf. משה   pleads to God on the nation's behalf and then starts his return down the mountain. He is joined midway by יהושע   who mistakes the noise coming from below for sounds of war. משה who knows that the people are practicing idolatry, tells יהושע   that he is in error. יהושע   is said to be משה 's  constant companion, staying by משה 's  side when he receives the word of God in אהל מועד   (פרשת כי תשא ). אלדד   and מידד   are two men who become prophets and who prophesy uncontrollably. יהושע   suggests that משה   imprison them but משה   counters that he is not threatened by more prophets (פרשת בהעלתך ). יהושע   represents שבט אפרים   when משה   sends spies to check out the land of Israel. He and כלב   of שבט יהודה   are the only two of the 12 who give a positive report regarding the land. It is during this episode that משה   changes יהושע 's  name from its original הוֹשֵׁעַ   (but see רמב "ן   to שמות יז :ט   who suggests that the name change took place much earlier). For this faith in God, יהושע   and כלב   are the only survivors of their generation to enter the land 38 years later (פרשת שלח ). Upon משה 's  request to God to appoint a new leader, יהושע   is presented to the nation, in the company of אלעזר הכהן as the one who will lead Israel into the promised land (פרשת פינחס ). God tells משה   to encourage and strengthen יהושע חזקהו ואמצהו terms which are repeated often early in יהושע 's  leadership of the people (פרשת ואתחנן ). In preparation for entering the land of Israel יהושע   reminds the tribes of ראובן גד   and half of מנשה   of the deal they made with משה   to assist in the conquest of כנען   (chapter 1 in ספר יהושע ) and sends two spies to יריחו   to determine the mood of the natives (chapter 2). God assists בני ישראל 's  crossing of the ירדן   river by stopping its flow, a miracle which also enhances יהושע 's  reputation in the eyes of the people (chapters 3-4). Following a command of God, יהושע   instructs the nation to have a representative from each tribe contribute a stone to a monument. This heap of stones is erected at the banks of the Jordan as a remembrance of the miracle performed there. בני ישראל   crosses the Jordan River into the Land of Israel on the 10th of ניסן   (chapter 4). יהושע   organizes a mass circumcision of Israel's males and the nation celebrates פסח   before embarking on the conquest of the land (chapter 5). Although the entire campaign is believed to be fought with divine assistance, the battle for יריחו   contains the most explicit miracle in the book of יהושע To capture the city, בני ישראל   circle יריחו   for six days, and on the seventh day they march seven times around the town. The כהנים   blow on their שופרות   and the walls of the city collapse (chapter 6). רחב the woman who harbors the two spies in chapter 2, is rescued. יהושע   makes two declarations during this battle. The first is a ban against reaping any of the spoils of the city - everything must be destroyed or dedicated to God. The violation of this decree by עכן   is the indirect cause of Israel's initial loss in the fight for the next town of עי   (chapter 7). יהושע 's  second declaration is a curse against anybody who rebuilds the city of יריחו This is violated by חִיאֵל   centuries later (מלכים א טז :לד ). The second attempt at conquering עי   employs a clever strategy and is successful. יהושע   then performs the ceremony at הר גריזים   and הר עיבל   as described in דברים כז   (chapter 8). The next tale in the book tells of the גבעונים   who deceive יהושע   into signing a non-aggression pact with them (chapter 9). Five kings from the nation of אֱמֹר   led by אדני צדק   band together and attack the גבעונים יהושע   comes to the aid of his new ally and defeats the five. During this battle God rains boulders on the fleeing enemy. He also pauses the setting of the sun in order to give יהושע   more daylight to fight. The five kings are trapped in a cave, and subsequently they are executed by יהושע   (chapter 10). The general continues his march across the Promised Land, defeating a northern coalition of states (chapter 11) and many other kings. A list of these conquests appears in chapter 12. The division and settlement of the land starts in chapter 13. This work is overseen by יהושע אלעזר הכהן   and the heads of the tribes. After the land of Israel is conquered, יהושע   sets up three cities of refuge to complement those established by משה   (chapter 20) as well as 48 cities for the לְוִיִּם   within the other tribes' territories (chapter 21). יהושע   acknowledges that the tribes of ראובן גד   and half of מנשה   have fulfilled their obligation of fighting on behalf of their cousins, and dismisses them to the eastern side of the ירדן   cautioning them to maintain the ways of the תורה   (chapter 22). יהושע 's  farewell address exhorting the nation to maintain the laws of the תורה   ends the book named for him (chapters 23-24). יהושע   dies at age 110 and has the following distinction: during his tenure בני ישראל   are completely loyal to God (24:31). יהושע   is credited with composing the book bearing his name, and according to one opinion records the last eight verses in the תורה   following משה 's  death (בבא בתרא יד :-טו .) Jewish tradition also attributes the second blessing of ברכת המזון   (ברכת הארץ ) to יהושע   (ברכות מח :) as well as the עלינו   prayer (כל בו דף ח ') The tale of יהושע 's  spies (chapter 2) is read as the הפטרה   for פרשת שלח while the account of יהושע   taking the reigns of leadership (chapter 1) is read after פרשת וזאת הברכה   (read on שמחת תורה ), which tells of משה 's  death. יהושע 's  celebration of פסח   (chapter 5) forms the הפטרה   for the first day of that holiday.



יְהוֹשֻׁעַ שַׂר הָעִיר   (מלכים ב כג:ח )
A governor of באר שבע   during the reign of יאשיהו He seems to allow עבודה זרה   in his town.



יְהוֹשָׁפָט
father of יֵהוּא בֶּן נִמְשִׁי   The tenth king of Israel is referred to as יהוא בן נמשי   even though נמשי   is his grandfather.



יְהוֹשָׁפָט בֶּן אֲחִילוּד   (שמואל ב ח:טז, כ, מלכים א ד:ג, דברי הימים א יח:טו)
A מזכיר one of דוד 's  and שלמה 's  ministers. A מזכיר   might be a court recorder.



יְהוֹשָׁפָט בֶּן אָסָא   (מלכים א כב, דברי הימים א ג:י, דברי הימים ב יז-כ)
Fourth king of יהודה יהושפט 's  first known act is to join forces with אחאב king of Israel in an attempt to liberate the town of רָמֹת גִּלְעָד   from אֲרָם   (יהושפט   and אחאב   are also allied by marriage). אחאב   consults with the false prophets - נביאי בעל who predict victory. Upon יהושפט 's  urging however, a prophet of God - מִיכָיְהוּ בֶּן יִמְלָה is sought and he predicts death for אחאב Before the impending battle אחאב   removes his royal robes and dresses as a commoner but יהושפט   retains his identifying clothes. יהושפט   is at first mistaken for אחאב   by ארם 's  soldiers, but when they realize their error, they let יהושפט   go. A prophet named יֵהוּא בֶּן חֲנָנִי   rebukes יהושפט   for allying himself with the sinful אחאב Still, יהושפט   is considered a righteous king who follows God and who makes peace between the two kingdoms of ישראל   and יהודה The king champions Jewish education by sending teachers across the countryside to teach Torah (דברי הימים יז :ז -ט ) and establishes judges in every city (דברי הימים ב יט :ט -יא ). יהודה   is invaded by עמון   and מואב   and initially יהושפט   is terrified. He is then assured by a man of God that the Lord will fight this battle. Indeed, the enemy forces are defeated without יהושפט 's  army engaging them. The total defeat strikes fear in all of יהודה 's  neighbours (דברי הימים ב כ ). יהושפט   is approached by אחאב 's  son יהורם   to join him in fighting מישע   king of  מואב When the pair (joined by the king of אדום ) face their first crisis - seven days without water - יהורם   despairs but יהושפט as before, suggests that they consult a prophet of God as to their fortune. אלישע   is summoned and he declares that only the presence of יהושפט   convinces him to even look at them. אלישע   brings the troops great amounts of water and the Jewish armies are saved. מואב 's  troops do not expect to see water the next morning so when they see the sun reflecting off the liquid they figure that it is the blood of their enemies spilled in a battle between the allies. מואב   advances and is routed. יהושפט   is rebuked once again for joining forces with a sinful king of Israel. A prophet, אֱלִיעֶזֶר בֶּן דּוֹדָוָהוּ   criticizes his business alliance with אחזיה   (דברי הימים ב כ :לז ). יהושפט   is succeeded by his son יְהוֹרָם   after a 25 year reign.



יְהוֹשָׁפָט בֶּן פָּרוּחַ   (מלכים א ד:יז )
A tax collector for שבט יששכר   under שלמה המלך .



יְהוֹנָתָן בֶּן עֻזִּיָּהוּ   (דברי הימים א כז:כה )
A treasurer of the fields, towns and towers in the employ of דוד המלך .



יְהַלֶּלאֵל


יְהַלֶּלְאֵל   (דברי הימים א ד:טז )
A descendant of יהודה בן יעקב .



יוֹאָב   (עזרא ב:ו, ח:ט, נחמיה ז:יא)
A descendant of פַּחַת מוֹאָב   whose family members return to יהודה   with זְרֻבָּבֶל A descendant of his, עֹבַדְיָה בֶּן יְחִיאֵל   leads 218 men in accompanying עזרא   to Israel.



יוֹאָב בֶּן צְרוּיָה   (שמואל ב ב, ג ,ח:טז, י, יא, יב:כו-לא, יד, יח, יט:ב-ט, כ, כד:א-ט, מלכים א א:ז, ב, דברי הימים א ב:טז, יא:ו)
A nephew of דוד and his general. יואב 's  first appearance occurs when אבנר שאול 's  former general, challenges יואב   to a contest between their respective soldiers. This turns into a battle in which יואב 's  men rout אבנר 's.  In the course of the pursuit אבנר   kills יואב 's  brother עשהאל In revenge, יואב   later kills אבנר   even though אבנר   has switched loyalties and is now working for דוד דוד   is incensed at this and curses יואב In a war against עמון   and ארם יואב   sends his brother אבישי   to fight עמון and he leads soldiers against ארם יואב   understands his king and knows that דוד   is greatly distressed over the banishment of אבשלום   following his murder of אמנון יואב   therefore arranges for a woman from תקוע   to present a משל   to דוד   and thereby convince the king to allow the return of his son אבשלום   (יואב 's  cousin). During the rebellion of אבשלום דוד   divides his remaining army among אבישי יואב   and אִתַּי The three generals are commanded to treat אבשלום   gently. Nevertheless, when יואב   hears that אבשלום   is caught in a tree, he rebukes the soldier who found him but didn't kill him. יואב   himself then stabs the prince in the heart and kills him. יואב   subsequently rebukes דוד   for mourning אבשלום claiming that דוד 's  loyalists feel betrayed. Following the rebellion, דוד   replaces יואב   with עמשא the general appointed by אבשלום   (and another nephew of the king), perhaps to punish יואב   for killing אבשלום When שבע בן בכרי   rebels against דוד   and עמשא   is given the task of quelling the rebellion, יואב   and his brother אבישי   pursue עמשא and יואב   kills him, after which he takes over the mission of ending שבע 's  treachery. יואב   traps שבע   in a city called אָבֵלָה וּבֵית מַעֲכָה   and is preparing to storm the town when a woman convinces him that the citizens will end the matter themselves. They cut off שבע 's  head and toss it out to יואב יואב   tries unsuccessfully to convince דוד   not to undertake a census, an act which leads to a plague and the deaths of 70,000 people. (The meaning of this episode is unclear in the text.) When אדניה   decides he will succeed his father דוד יואב   joins אדניה   (his cousin). דוד   on his death bed reminds שלמה   that יואב   killed אבנר   and  עמשא and instructs שלמה   to punish יואב After שלמה   takes power he kills אדניה   and banishes אביתר and יואב   fears for his life. He flees to the מזבח   and grabs hold of its horns. שלמה   sends בניהו   to kill יואב .



יוֹאָב בֶּן שְׂרָיָה   (דברי הימים א ד:יד)
A descendant of יהודה בן יעקב .



יוֹאָח
father of עֵדֶן



יוֹאָח בֶּן אָסָף   (מלכים ב יח, ישעיה לו)
A court recorder under חזקיה   king of יהודה When סנחריב king of אשור sends רַבְשָׁקֵה   to ירושלים   to call for its surrender, אֶלְיָקִים שֶׁבְנָה   and יואח   receive the message but ask רבשקה   to speak in Aramean rather than in Hebrew so as not to discourage the listening Jews. Naturally, רבשקה   refuses this request for he wishes to convince the people to rebel against their king and surrender. The three officers return to חזקיה   in torn clothes to report רבשקה 's  speech.



יוֹחָא בֶּן בְּרִעָה   (דברי הימים א ח:טז)
A descendant of בנימין בן יעקב .



יוֹאָח בֶּן זִמָּה   (דברי הימים א ו:ו)
A descendant of גרשון בן לוי This might be the same לוי   who heeds the call of King חזקיהו   to cleanse the Temple in דברי הימים ב כט :יב .



יוֹאָח בֶּן יוֹאָחָז   (דברי הימים ב לד:ח)
A royal recorder in the time of King יאשיהו He is given funds by the king to deliver to the Temple for the structure's repair.



יוֹאָח בֶּן עֹבֵד אֱדֹם   (דברי הימים א כו:ד)
A gatekeeper for the sanctuary in ירושלים .



יוֹאָחָז
father of יוֹאָח



יוֹאֵל   (עזרא י:מג)
A descendant of נְבוֹ   who is pressured to give up his non-Jewish wife in the time of עזרא .



יוֹאֵל   (דברי הימים א ד:לה)
A descendant of שמעון בן יעקב .



יוֹאֵל   (דברי הימים א ה:ד)
A descendant of ראובן בן יעקב .



יוֹאֵל   (דברי הימים א ה:ח)
A second man of this name who is a descendant of ראובן בן יעקב .



יוֹאֵל   (דברי הימים א ה:יב)
A descendant of גד בן יעקב   who is chief of his people.



יוֹאֵל   (דברי הימים א טו:ז)
A לוי   from the family of גרשם   who is chosen by דוד   to help bring the ארון   to ירושלים .


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