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יְהוֹרָם בֶּן אַחְאָב (מלכים ב ג, ה-ט, דברי הימים ב כב )
Ninth king of Israel, יהורם takes over from his brother when the latter dies. יהורם continues the family practice of idolatry, although he is less of a sinner than his parents were. מֵישַע , king of מואב rebels against Israel and יהורם allies himself with יהושפט of יהודה (just like his father did) in order to knock מואב back in line. The king of אדום joins the pair. The three kings run out of water after a week and consult with the prophet אלישע as to the success of their mission. אלישע promises them great amounts of water and success against מואב . Water miraculously appears in the dry countryside, saving the soldiers and their animals. The מואב soldiers wake in the morning and see the sun reflecting off the unexpected water. Thinking they are seeing blood, the Moabites reason that the three kings have slaughtered each other. מואב advances only to be routed by the alliance. The war ends inexplicably when the מואב king kills his (or perhaps the prince of אדום 's) son as an offering to his god. יהורם panics when the king of ארם sends him gold and silver with the message that his servant נעמן will soon be arriving to be cured of his leprosy. Not knowing the first thing about curing leprosy, יהורם tears his clothes, believing that the Aramean king is seeking a pretext to attack. אלישע comes to יהורם 's rescue once again by taking responsibility for the visitor's request. בן הדד , king of ארם lays siege to שמרון and terrible hunger ensues. יהורם is confronted by two women who have been reduced to eating their children, but he is unable to help them. The king does however blame אלישע for the dire conditions and threatens to kill the prophet. יהורם sends a messenger to אלישע and אלישע declares that the famine will end the following day. The siege ends when God causes the army of ארם to hear the sound of chariots advancing on them. Four lepers who discover the abandoned camp lead יהורם and the people to the free victuals and riches. יהורם and אחזיהו בן יהורם fight together against חזאל , king of ארם . יהורם is wounded in the battle and returns to יִזְרְעֶאל to recuperate. There יֵהוּא בֶּן נִמְשִׁי kills both him and אחזיהו king of יהודה . יהורם 's body is dumped in the field that once belonged to נבות as a sign of justice for what יהורם 's father אחאב did to his neigbour. יהוא succeeds יהורם .
יְהוֹרָם בֶּן יְהוֹשָׁפָט (יוֹרָם) (מלכים ב ח, דברי הימים א ג:יא, דברי הימים ב כא)
Fifth king of יהודה . Although given the throne by his father, יהורם safeguards his reign and has all of his brothers killed (דברי הימים ב כא :ד ). He rules for eight years and practices idolatry. For this he is rebuked by the prophet אליהו who warns him that God will punish his behaviour by sending a plague against the nation and the king's family (דברי הימים ב כא :יד ). During his reign אדום rebels against יהודה , and Israel is invaded by the פלשתים and other nations. All of יהורם 's sons are taken captive in these wars except אחזיהו who succeeds him.
יְהוֹשֶׁבַע בַּת יְהוֹרָם (יְהוֹשַׁבְעַת) (מלכים ב יא:א-ג, דברי הימים ב כב:יא)
Daughter of the fifth king of יהודה , יהורם , and sister of the sixth king אחזיהו , יהושבע rescues her one-year-old nephew יואש from the murderous rampage of עתליה the queen mother. יהושבע hides יואש for six years in the בית המקדש under the care of a כהן - her husband יְהֹויָדָע .
יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֵּית הַשִּׁמְשִׁי (שמואל א ו:יד )
Upon the ארון 's return to Israelite territory following its capture by the פלשתים , it ends up in the field of יהושע בית השמשי in בית שמש .
יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן יְהוֹצָדָק (יֵשׁוּעַ) (חגי א-ב, זכריה ג, ו:ט-טו, עזרא ב:ב, ג, ה:א-ה, י:יח)
The כהן גדול of the restored community of יהודה following the Jews' return from exile. Following the edict of כורש the Jews return to ירושלים from בבל . Together יהושע and זְרֻבָּבֶל בֶּן שְׁאַלְתִּיאֵל rebuild the מזבח in ירושלים in time for the holiday of סוּכּוֹת . Still, the Temple itself remains unfinished. The prophet חגי appeals to יהושע and the political leader זרבבל to lead the nation in rebuilding the Temple. יהושע and זרבבל heed this call and restart the stalled project. The two are approached by local residents who want to participate in the construction of the Temple. Their offer is rebuffed and they proceed to cause trouble for the Jews. In a vision received by the prophet זכריה , יהושע is accused by שָׂטָן of an unspecified crime. God nevertheless defends יהושע and he is restored to his position. The Jewish community in בבל sends emissaries to ירושלים with gold and silver for the restored Temple. זכריה is instructed to use the metals to make a crown for יהושע , perhaps as a sign of God's approval of the כהן , or as a reward for building the Temple. Members of יהושע 's family marry non-Jewish women and are forced to give these women up in the time of עזרא .
יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בִּן נוּן (שמות יז, כד:יג, לב:יז-יט, לג:יא, במדבר יא:כד-כט, כז:טו-כג, דברים לא:א-ג, יהושע, דברי הימים א ז:כז )
Successor of משה and second leader of בני ישראל who presides over the conquest and settlement of ארץ כנען . Soon after בני ישראל emerge from ים סוף , the nation is attacked by עמלק . משה summons יהושע and tells him to assemble an army to fight the enemy. יהושע accepts the challenge and fights עמלק while his mentor משה sits on top of a hill with his arms raised high. This combination of the spiritual tactic and the physical engagement is successful in defeating עמלק (פרשת בשלח ). When משה ascends הר סיני following revelation, יהושע accompanies him part way up (פרשת משפטים ). God tells משה that the nation has sinned and has made a golden calf. משה pleads to God on the nation's behalf and then starts his return down the mountain. He is joined midway by יהושע who mistakes the noise coming from below for sounds of war. משה , who knows that the people are practicing idolatry, tells יהושע that he is in error. יהושע is said to be משה 's constant companion, staying by משה 's side when he receives the word of God in אהל מועד (פרשת כי תשא ). אלדד and מידד are two men who become prophets and who prophesy uncontrollably. יהושע suggests that משה imprison them but משה counters that he is not threatened by more prophets (פרשת בהעלתך ). יהושע represents שבט אפרים when משה sends spies to check out the land of Israel. He and כלב of שבט יהודה are the only two of the 12 who give a positive report regarding the land. It is during this episode that משה changes יהושע 's name from its original הוֹשֵׁעַ (but see רמב "ן to שמות יז :ט who suggests that the name change took place much earlier). For this faith in God, יהושע and כלב are the only survivors of their generation to enter the land 38 years later (פרשת שלח ). Upon משה 's request to God to appoint a new leader, יהושע is presented to the nation, in the company of אלעזר הכהן , as the one who will lead Israel into the promised land (פרשת פינחס ). God tells משה to encourage and strengthen יהושע - חזקהו ואמצהו , terms which are repeated often early in יהושע 's leadership of the people (פרשת ואתחנן ). In preparation for entering the land of Israel יהושע reminds the tribes of ראובן , גד and half of מנשה of the deal they made with משה to assist in the conquest of כנען (chapter 1 in ספר יהושע ) and sends two spies to יריחו to determine the mood of the natives (chapter 2). God assists בני ישראל 's crossing of the ירדן river by stopping its flow, a miracle which also enhances יהושע 's reputation in the eyes of the people (chapters 3-4). Following a command of God, יהושע instructs the nation to have a representative from each tribe contribute a stone to a monument. This heap of stones is erected at the banks of the Jordan as a remembrance of the miracle performed there. בני ישראל crosses the Jordan River into the Land of Israel on the 10th of ניסן (chapter 4). יהושע organizes a mass circumcision of Israel's males and the nation celebrates פסח before embarking on the conquest of the land (chapter 5). Although the entire campaign is believed to be fought with divine assistance, the battle for יריחו contains the most explicit miracle in the book of יהושע . To capture the city, בני ישראל circle יריחו for six days, and on the seventh day they march seven times around the town. The כהנים blow on their שופרות and the walls of the city collapse (chapter 6). רחב , the woman who harbors the two spies in chapter 2, is rescued. יהושע makes two declarations during this battle. The first is a ban against reaping any of the spoils of the city - everything must be destroyed or dedicated to God. The violation of this decree by עכן is the indirect cause of Israel's initial loss in the fight for the next town of עי (chapter 7). יהושע 's second declaration is a curse against anybody who rebuilds the city of יריחו . This is violated by חִיאֵל centuries later (מלכים א טז :לד ). The second attempt at conquering עי employs a clever strategy and is successful. יהושע then performs the ceremony at הר גריזים and הר עיבל as described in דברים כז (chapter 8). The next tale in the book tells of the גבעונים who deceive יהושע into signing a non-aggression pact with them (chapter 9). Five kings from the nation of אֱמֹר led by אדני צדק band together and attack the גבעונים . יהושע comes to the aid of his new ally and defeats the five. During this battle God rains boulders on the fleeing enemy. He also pauses the setting of the sun in order to give יהושע more daylight to fight. The five kings are trapped in a cave, and subsequently they are executed by יהושע (chapter 10). The general continues his march across the Promised Land, defeating a northern coalition of states (chapter 11) and many other kings. A list of these conquests appears in chapter 12. The division and settlement of the land starts in chapter 13. This work is overseen by יהושע , אלעזר הכהן and the heads of the tribes. After the land of Israel is conquered, יהושע sets up three cities of refuge to complement those established by משה (chapter 20) as well as 48 cities for the לְוִיִּם within the other tribes' territories (chapter 21). יהושע acknowledges that the tribes of ראובן , גד and half of מנשה have fulfilled their obligation of fighting on behalf of their cousins, and dismisses them to the eastern side of the ירדן cautioning them to maintain the ways of the תורה (chapter 22). יהושע 's farewell address exhorting the nation to maintain the laws of the תורה ends the book named for him (chapters 23-24). יהושע dies at age 110 and has the following distinction: during his tenure בני ישראל are completely loyal to God (24:31). יהושע is credited with composing the book bearing his name, and according to one opinion records the last eight verses in the תורה following משה 's death (בבא בתרא יד :-טו .). Jewish tradition also attributes the second blessing of ברכת המזון (ברכת הארץ ) to יהושע (ברכות מח :), as well as the עלינו prayer (כל בו דף ח '). The tale of יהושע 's spies (chapter 2) is read as the הפטרה for פרשת שלח , while the account of יהושע taking the reigns of leadership (chapter 1) is read after פרשת וזאת הברכה (read on שמחת תורה ), which tells of משה 's death. יהושע 's celebration of פסח (chapter 5) forms the הפטרה for the first day of that holiday.
יְהוֹשֻׁעַ שַׂר הָעִיר (מלכים ב כג:ח )
father of יֵהוּא בֶּן נִמְשִׁי The tenth king of Israel is referred to as יהוא בן נמשי even though נמשי is his grandfather.
יְהוֹשָׁפָט בֶּן אֲחִילוּד (שמואל ב ח:טז, כ, מלכים א ד:ג, דברי הימים א יח:טו)
יְהוֹשָׁפָט בֶּן אָסָא (מלכים א כב, דברי הימים א ג:י, דברי הימים ב יז-כ)
Fourth king of יהודה . יהושפט 's first known act is to join forces with אחאב , king of Israel in an attempt to liberate the town of רָמֹת גִּלְעָד from אֲרָם (יהושפט and אחאב are also allied by marriage). אחאב consults with the false prophets - נביאי בעל - who predict victory. Upon יהושפט 's urging however, a prophet of God - מִיכָיְהוּ בֶּן יִמְלָה - is sought and he predicts death for אחאב . Before the impending battle אחאב removes his royal robes and dresses as a commoner but יהושפט retains his identifying clothes. יהושפט is at first mistaken for אחאב by ארם 's soldiers, but when they realize their error, they let יהושפט go. A prophet named יֵהוּא בֶּן חֲנָנִי rebukes יהושפט for allying himself with the sinful אחאב . Still, יהושפט is considered a righteous king who follows God and who makes peace between the two kingdoms of ישראל and יהודה . The king champions Jewish education by sending teachers across the countryside to teach Torah (דברי הימים יז :ז -ט ) and establishes judges in every city (דברי הימים ב יט :ט -יא ). יהודה is invaded by עמון and מואב and initially יהושפט is terrified. He is then assured by a man of God that the Lord will fight this battle. Indeed, the enemy forces are defeated without יהושפט 's army engaging them. The total defeat strikes fear in all of יהודה 's neighbours (דברי הימים ב כ ). יהושפט is approached by אחאב 's son יהורם to join him in fighting מישע king of מואב . When the pair (joined by the king of אדום ) face their first crisis - seven days without water - יהורם despairs but יהושפט , as before, suggests that they consult a prophet of God as to their fortune. אלישע is summoned and he declares that only the presence of יהושפט convinces him to even look at them. אלישע brings the troops great amounts of water and the Jewish armies are saved. מואב 's troops do not expect to see water the next morning so when they see the sun reflecting off the liquid they figure that it is the blood of their enemies spilled in a battle between the allies. מואב advances and is routed. יהושפט is rebuked once again for joining forces with a sinful king of Israel. A prophet, אֱלִיעֶזֶר בֶּן דּוֹדָוָהוּ criticizes his business alliance with אחזיה (דברי הימים ב כ :לז ). יהושפט is succeeded by his son יְהוֹרָם after a 25 year reign.
יְהוֹשָׁפָט בֶּן פָּרוּחַ (מלכים א ד:יז )
יְהוֹנָתָן בֶּן עֻזִּיָּהוּ (דברי הימים א כז:כה )
A treasurer of the fields, towns and towers in the employ of דוד המלך .
father of עֲזַרְיָהוּ
יְהַלֶּלְאֵל (דברי הימים א ד:טז )
יוֹאָב (עזרא ב:ו, ח:ט, נחמיה ז:יא)
A descendant of פַּחַת מוֹאָב whose family members return to יהודה with זְרֻבָּבֶל . A descendant of his, עֹבַדְיָה בֶּן יְחִיאֵל leads 218 men in accompanying עזרא to Israel.
יוֹאָב בֶּן צְרוּיָה (שמואל ב ב, ג ,ח:טז, י, יא, יב:כו-לא, יד, יח, יט:ב-ט, כ, כד:א-ט, מלכים א א:ז, ב, דברי הימים א ב:טז, יא:ו)
A nephew of דוד , and his general. יואב 's first appearance occurs when אבנר , שאול 's former general, challenges יואב to a contest between their respective soldiers. This turns into a battle in which יואב 's men rout אבנר 's. In the course of the pursuit אבנר kills יואב 's brother עשהאל . In revenge, יואב later kills אבנר even though אבנר has switched loyalties and is now working for דוד . דוד is incensed at this and curses יואב . In a war against עמון and ארם , יואב sends his brother אבישי to fight עמון , and he leads soldiers against ארם . יואב understands his king and knows that דוד is greatly distressed over the banishment of אבשלום following his murder of אמנון . יואב therefore arranges for a woman from תקוע to present a משל to דוד and thereby convince the king to allow the return of his son אבשלום (יואב 's cousin). During the rebellion of אבשלום , דוד divides his remaining army among אבישי , יואב and אִתַּי . The three generals are commanded to treat אבשלום gently. Nevertheless, when יואב hears that אבשלום is caught in a tree, he rebukes the soldier who found him but didn't kill him. יואב himself then stabs the prince in the heart and kills him. יואב subsequently rebukes דוד for mourning אבשלום , claiming that דוד 's loyalists feel betrayed. Following the rebellion, דוד replaces יואב with עמשא , the general appointed by אבשלום (and another nephew of the king), perhaps to punish יואב for killing אבשלום . When שבע בן בכרי rebels against דוד and עמשא is given the task of quelling the rebellion, יואב and his brother אבישי pursue עמשא , and יואב kills him, after which he takes over the mission of ending שבע 's treachery. יואב traps שבע in a city called אָבֵלָה וּבֵית מַעֲכָה and is preparing to storm the town when a woman convinces him that the citizens will end the matter themselves. They cut off שבע 's head and toss it out to יואב . יואב tries unsuccessfully to convince דוד not to undertake a census, an act which leads to a plague and the deaths of 70,000 people. (The meaning of this episode is unclear in the text.) When אדניה decides he will succeed his father דוד , יואב joins אדניה (his cousin). דוד on his death bed reminds שלמה that יואב killed אבנר and עמשא , and instructs שלמה to punish יואב . After שלמה takes power he kills אדניה and banishes אביתר , and יואב fears for his life. He flees to the מזבח and grabs hold of its horns. שלמה sends בניהו to kill יואב .
יוֹאָב בֶּן שְׂרָיָה (דברי הימים א ד:יד)
father of עֵדֶן
יוֹאָח בֶּן אָסָף (מלכים ב יח, ישעיה לו)
A court recorder under חזקיה king of יהודה . When סנחריב , king of אשור , sends רַבְשָׁקֵה to ירושלים to call for its surrender, אֶלְיָקִים , שֶׁבְנָה and יואח receive the message but ask רבשקה to speak in Aramean rather than in Hebrew so as not to discourage the listening Jews. Naturally, רבשקה refuses this request for he wishes to convince the people to rebel against their king and surrender. The three officers return to חזקיה in torn clothes to report רבשקה 's speech.
יוֹחָא בֶּן בְּרִעָה (דברי הימים א ח:טז)
יוֹאָח בֶּן זִמָּה (דברי הימים א ו:ו)
A descendant of גרשון בן לוי . This might be the same לוי who heeds the call of King חזקיהו to cleanse the Temple in דברי הימים ב כט :יב .
יוֹאָח בֶּן יוֹאָחָז (דברי הימים ב לד:ח)
A royal recorder in the time of King יאשיהו . He is given funds by the king to deliver to the Temple for the structure's repair.
יוֹאָח בֶּן עֹבֵד אֱדֹם (דברי הימים א כו:ד)
A gatekeeper for the sanctuary in ירושלים .
father of יוֹאָח
יוֹאֵל (עזרא י:מג)
יוֹאֵל (דברי הימים א ד:לה)
יוֹאֵל (דברי הימים א ה:ד)
יוֹאֵל (דברי הימים א ה:ח)
יוֹאֵל (דברי הימים א ה:יב)
יוֹאֵל (דברי הימים א טו:ז)