|א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת|
father of עֶבֶד
father of זְכַרְיָה
יוֹנָתָן (נחמיה יב:יד )
A כהן who is the head of the מַלּוּךְ family in the time of the Second Temple.
יוֹנָתָן בֶּן יָדָע (דברי הימים א ב:לב )
יוֹנָתָן בֶּן יוֹיָדָע כֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל (נחמיה יב:יא )
יוֹנָתָן בֶּן עֲשָׂהאֵל (עזרא י:טו)
Upon his arrival in Israel, עזרא is dismayed to learn that many of the residents of the land have taken non-Jewish wives. עזרא calls upon the people to abandon these women, and most of them agree to do so. יונתן is one of the few who oppose the idea (although his true feelings about the matter are unclear).
יוֹנָתָן בֶּן קָרֵחַ (ירמיה מ)
One of the Judean army captains who escape נבוכדנאצר 's conquest of ירושלים . He is persuaded by the governor גדליהו to submit to the Babylonian king's rule. יונתן 's brother יוחנן tries to warn גדליהו that ישמעאל בן נתניה is bent on murdering him.
יֹונָתָן בֶּן שָׁאוּל (יְהוֹנָתָן) (שמואל א יג, יד, יח, יט, כ, כא:א, כג:טו-יח, לא, דברי הימים א ח:לג, י:ב )
Most active and famous of שאול 's sons, best friend and advocate of דוד . יונתן is first introduced as a soldier, entrusted with a third of his father the king's army in battle against the פלשתים (chapter 13). יונתן 's heroics are reported in chapter 14 when he and his armour bearer challenge and defeat a garrison of פלשתים , killing about twenty men. During battle with the פלשתים , שאול forbids his men to eat until the enemy is vanquished. The prince, יונתן , unaware of the decree eats honey, leading שאול to condemn his son to death, a fate that יונתן accepts. The people however, demand that יונתן be spared (chapter 14). יונתן next surfaces following דוד 's victory over גלית when it is reported that יונתן loves דוד and gives his friend his royal cloak and arms to illustrate this affection. יונתן and דוד forge a covenant that is mentioned several times in שמואל א (see 18:3, 20:12-17, 20:42, 23:16-18). Aware that his father wants to kill דוד , יונתן pleads on behalf of his friend, arguing that indeed דוד is loyal to שאול . שאול is temporarily mollified (chapter 19). יונתן devises a scheme to determine שאול 's intentions towards דוד . He eventually meets דוד in a field to tell him that שאול is intent on killing him (chapter 20). יונתן tracks דוד to the Judean desert where דוד is hiding from שאול . Once again he assures him of his friendship, and announces with certainty that one day דוד will be king and יונתן will serve as his deputy (chapter 23). יונתן never gets the chance to serve in דוד 's cabinet. He, his father and two of his brothers are killed by the פלשתים on הר הגלבע . The פלשתים hang יונתן 's body on the wall of בֵּית שָׁן along with the bodies of his father and brothers. Men from יבש גלעד whom שאול had rescued years earlier, retrieve the bodies and bury them in their town (chapter 31). After דוד assumes power he seeks descendants of שאול and finding מפיבשת , son of יונתן , promises that he will look after him because of his feelings for his father (שמואל ב ט ). Following the episode with the גבענים , דוד buries יונתן , שאול and seven of שאול 's descendants in the family sepulchre in בנימין (שמואל ב כא ). One of יונתן 's encounters with דוד (שמואל א כ ) is read as the הפטרה on Shabbat when ראש חדש falls on a Sunday.
יוֹנָתָן בֶּן שָׁגֵה הַהֲרָרִי
see יוֹנָתָן בֶּן יָשֵׁן