Banner
bullet Home bullet About Us bullet Alphabetical Index bullet Search bullet Contact Us bullet Appendices
                                                                 

  ( -, , : )
A prophet during the late part of the kingdom of advisor to Kings   and rebuker of the people. The speeches of   appear primarily in the book named for the prophet. This book is usually divided into two parts. Chapters 1-39 deal largely with God's punishment of Judah, but also include pronouncements on the fates of Israel and the nations of the ancient world. Chapters 40-66 contain messages of comfort and promises of redemption. The words of   contain descriptions of the end of days, resurrection, and of the personality of the 's  eagerness to speak the word of God is expressed in :   when God asks " - whom shall I send?, whereupon   answers " - here I am, send me.   has two sons who are given symbolic names and who figure in the prophet's oracles. The name of the first son   (7:3) - the remnant will return, is a prediction that though they have strayed, some of God's people will return to Him;   (8:1-4), 's  second son is born to a woman called This son's name predicts the "imminent looting and shame" of Israel and Aram. A third boy mentioned in the book, may be the son of   as well.   (7:14) - God is with us, represents confirmation that although the nations conspire against Israel, their plans will come to nought, for God is with His people (this message appears in 8:10). According to the   is from   ( '   in :  states that 's  father   and   the 9th king of   are brothers). The Gemara reports that   is put to death by the wicked king 14th king of   ( :)  and son of   whom   serves.

  is active during the reigns of four Judean kings:   and acts as counsel to two:   and The prophet's relationship with the former is reported in   (chapter 7) rather than in whereas 's  association with   is detailed in the historical record of   (chapters 19 and 20) and repeated in   (chapters 36-39). Unwilling to join forces with   king of Israel, and   leader of   in their struggle against   finds himself the target of that partnership. Although terrified of what is about to befall him, the Judean king refuses to accept the advice of   when the latter attempts to calm his fears.   advises   to remain steadfast, telling him that   and   will not defeat him and that the Kingdom of Israel (often referred to as for example in : ) will persish in no more than 65 years.   warns   that the true danger is from   does not accept this message of hope from   and, unable to contain his fear, seeks the protection of ruler of   does come to the temporary aid of   by killing But   is soon proven correct, when   led by   invades Like his father, King   too is at first hesitant to seek an alliance against   (this time with Egypt).   demonstrates his objection to reliance on Egypt by living naked and barefoot for three years, behaviour meant to symbolize the ultimate fall of Egypt (chapter 20).   warns   not to rebel against   by siding with Egypt, but this advice is eventually ignored by the king. When   besieges ministers of   are sent to beg the prophet to pray to God on behalf of the city.   is reassuring: in a song he predicts that   will be driven back to King   falls ill and receives   who tells him that he will die of his illness.   prays to God asking Him to recall his righteousness. Through   God informs the king that due to his prayer he will in fact recover. In this episode   performs a miracle by having a shadow cast by the sun change directions (38:8). a king of   sends a present to the ill   who gives the messengers a tour of the royal treasures. God objects to the fraternization between the two nations and tells   via   that in the future   will plunder 's  wealth.

's  prophecies are divided into political and religious pronouncements. The following is a summary of his political statements. The prophet assures   that she will survive the threat posed by her neighbours   and nations which will be defeated by   who will in turn be punished (chapters 7-10).   should not rely on Egypt's assistance to protect her from   (chapter 31). And although   eventually invades   assures King   that she will not succeed in capturing   (chapter 37). 's  ultimate downfall will be at the hands of   (chapter 39). Of course,   is well known for his messages of comfort to those who will be exiled to   (chapter 40). 's  prophecies about other nations are often labelled " ".  Besides the unfortunate fate awaiting the two Jewish states, as well as the collapse of   predicts the downfalls of:   (chapters 13 and 14),   (14:28-32),   (chapters 15-16),   (chapter 17),   and   (chapters 19 and 20),   ( ) and   (chapter 21), and   and   (chapter 23). On the other hand,   as leader of   will rise to power and liberate Judah from   (chapter 45).

's  other prophecies are primarily concerned with the religious state of the nation. The prophet appeals to his listeners to behave properly and to return to God as this is the only path to security and salvation. He also describes a future world in which the   teaches all men to recognize the truth of God.

The following are selected themes (with some references) that   promotes in his speeches.

a. God is holy (6:3), an idea expressed in the phrase   (1:4, 5:19, 5:24, 10:20).

b. God is creator and master of the world (40:26, 44:24, 45:7, 45:18, 64:7).

c. The Lord is the only true God (43:10, 45:6, 45:18, 45:21, 46:9, 48:11).

d. Those who observe   will be rewarded (56:2-6, 58:13-14).

e. Israel must abandon its sins: corruption, selfishness, pride and idolatry (chapter 1, 2:17, 3:14-24, 5:7, 5:23, 10:1-4, 57:3-9, 66:17).

f. Sacrifices, prayer and fasting are meaningless if accompanied by sin (1:11-17, 29:13, chapter 58, 66:3).

g. Punishment awaits the sinful (5:8-25, 9:14-19, 13:11-13, 30: 27-28).

h. After punishment God has mercy (26:20, 30:18); there is forgiveness (1:18, 40:2, 43:25, 44:22, 48:9).

i.   will be laid waste as a result of its sins (chapter 22, 49:19).

j. There will be redemption for Israel (12:2-3, 27:13); God will never abandon   (28:16, 33:20, 62:1).

k. The Judean exiles in Babylonia must not lose hope of returning to Judea (chapters 40 and 54).

l. The exiled will be gathered from all directions (27:13, 35:10, 43:5, 49:12, 51:11).

m. The   will be a descendant of   (9:6, 11:10) and will be righteous and wise (9:5, 11:3-4).

n. The Messianic age will see   as the centre of world faith (2:2-4, 56:7).

o. A day of judgment will accompany the Messianic age (2:10-22, chapters 24-27).

p. Global peace will reign at the end of days (2:4) - wild animals will live together happily (11:6-8, 65:25).

one of Israel's major prophets, gave the world many poetic and powerful verses. Here is a selection of well-known statements from this personality.

: :

The ox knows his owner, and the donkey his master's trough; but Israel does not know; my people does not consider.

: :

Though your sins be as scarlet, they will be white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they will be as wool.

: ' :

For out of Zion shall go forth the law; the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.

: :

And they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, neither will they learn war anymore.

: ' - :

And one called to another "Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of His glory."

: - :

Hatch a plot - it will be foiled, agree on action - it will fail; for God is with us!

( ) : ( ) : ( ) :

The wolf will dwell with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the kid. The calf, the young lion and the fatling together, with a little boy to herd them. And the cow and the bear will graze, their young ones will lie down together; and the lion, like the ox will eat straw. A baby will play at the hole of a viper, a child will pass his hand over an adder's den.

( ) - - ' : ( ) :

Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust and will not be afraid; for God the Lord is my strength and song, and He is become my salvation. Joyfully will you draw water out of the wells of salvation.

: ' :

And in that day a great horn will be sounded; and they who were lost in Assyria and they who were dispersed in Egypt will come; and they will worship the Lord on the holy mountain at Jerusalem.

: ' :

I the Lord have called you in grace, and taken hold of your hand and kept you and set you for a covenant people, a light of the nations.

: ' :

The Lord desires for the sake of His (servant's) righteousness, that the Torah be made great and glorious.

( ) ' : ( ) ' : ( ) ':

Seek the Lord while He can be found, call to Him while He is near. Let the wicked forsake his ways, and the sinful man his thoughts and let him return to God who will have compassion for him, to our God for He freely forgives. For My thoughts are not your thoughts, nor are your ways My ways, declares the Lord.

: :

I will bring them to My holy mountain and make them rejoice in My house of prayer; their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be welcome on My altar; for My house will be called a house of prayer for all peoples.

: ' :

Arise, shine for your light has dawned; the glory of the Lord has shone upon you.

: :

Your people, all of them righteous will inherit the land forever; the shoot that I planted, My handiwork in which I glory.

: :

For Zion's sake I will not be silent, for the sake of Jerusalem I will not be silent; until her victory emerges brightly, and her triumph like a flaming torch.

: :

Before they pray, I will answer; while they are still speaking, I will hear.

: :

Rejoice with Jerusalem and be glad for her all who love her! Join in her jubilation all who have mourned over her.

Many   (supplemental Shabbat readings) are taken from the prophecies of Here is a list of those   and their corresponding selections from (Chapter numbers do not always indicate that the full chapter is read.)

42-43; 54-55; 40-41; 27-29 ( ); 6-7, 9; 43-44; 1; 40; 49-51; 54-55; 51-52; 54; 60; 61-63; 66; 57-58; " 10-12; 55-56.




  ( :, )
A   and musician who plays in the sanctuary service in the time of He leads the group which works eighth in the cycle of 24 divisions of .



  ( : )
A   descended from   who serves as a treasurer for the sanctuary.


Previous Next

© Copyright 2005 - 2006 - Jonathan Mishkin
Site designed by David's Consultants