King of Persia. In
ספר ישעיה ,
the prophet addresses
calling him God's anointed one (ישעיה מה :א )
and telling him that God will engineer his rise to power. The king has two missions: liberation of Israel from Babylonia and helping to spread knowledge of God. In the first year of his reign
issues a proclamation allowing the Jews, exiled to Babylon, to return to
and rebuild the Temple in
To prove his sincerity,
presents the Jewish community with the precious utensils that
had stolen from the
בית המקדש .
דברי הימים ,
generosity to the Jews is due to God's intervention.