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לֹא עַמִּי בֶּן הוֹשֵׁעַ (הושע א:ח-ט)
Third child of הושע and his prostitute-wife, גֹּמֶר . His name indicates that God is disowning the people of Israel and stating that they are no longer His people. God does promise that the nation will eventually be called בְּנֵי אֵ -ל חָי - the children of the living God, in place of לא עמי (2:1).
לֹא רֻחָמָה בַּת הוֹשֵׁעַ (הושע א:ו-ח)
Second child of הושע and his prostitute-wife גֹּמֶר . The girl's name means that God will not have pity on His people when He punishes them for their sins. God later states that when He returns Israel to her land, He will exercise compassion (2:3).
לֵאָה (בראשית כט-לג, נ:לא, רות ד:יא)
First wife of יעקב , sister of רחל , daughter of לבן and mother of seven children. Having escaped his brother עשו , יעקב makes his way to his uncle לבן 's house. There he falls in love with his cousin רחל and agrees to work for seven years for her hand. On the wedding night, לבן secretly replaces רחל with her older sister לאה and thus יעקב weds לאה against his will. The תורה reports that לאה is hated and that as compensation God "opens her womb." לאה gives יעקב six boys and a girl. They are (in order of birth): ראובן , שמעון , לוי , יהודה , יששכר , זבלון , and דינה (פרשת ויצא ). When לאה dies, יעקב buries her in מערת המכפלה . When רוּת and בֹּעַז marry (רות ד ), the townsfolk of בית לחם bless רות by saying that God should make her like רחל and לאה who built up the house of Israel.
father of אֶלְיָסָף
לְאֻמִּים (בראשית כה:ג)
לָבָן (בראשית כד, כט-לא)
Son of בתואל (אברהם 's nephew), brother of רבקה , and father of רחל and לאה . לבן is also the father-in-law of יעקב . When אברהם 's servant arrives at בתואל 's house, לבן is impressed by the riches he bears and is quite hospitable to the man. לבן is involved in acquiescing to his sister's plan to travel with the servant to marry יצחק (פרשת חיי שרה ). Years later לבן 's nephew, יעקב , appears on his doorstep having fled כנען and the threats of his brother עשו . לבן agrees to give his daughter רחל in marriage to יעקב after יעקב has put in seven years of labour tending לבן 's flocks. On the wedding night, however, לבן replaces רחל with לאה and thus marries off his older daughter to an unwitting יעקב . לבן explains that he could not possibly break the local custom of marrying off the older daughter before the younger. לבן then tells a furious יעקב that he will allow him to marry רחל too as long as יעקב stays and works for לבן for another seven years. Following the fourteen years, לבן continues to employ יעקב for an additional six years during which he constantly alters יעקב 's wages. Eventually יעקב leaves חרן , but without telling לבן . When לבן discovers that his family has fled he sets out in hot pursuit. During the night God appears to לבן in a dream and warns him not to harm יעקב . לבן catches up with יעקב at הר גלעד . He accuses יעקב of sneaking off and of stealing לבן 's idols. יעקב denies any theft and suggests that לבן search the party. לבן does, and fails to find his idols which were in fact taken by רחל . Father and son-in-law eventually strike a non-aggression pact and set up boundaries separating the two families (פרשת ויצא ). According to some commentaries the phrase " אֲרַמִּי אֹבֵד אָבִי " (appearing in דברים כו :ה and quoted in the Pesach Haggadah) refers to לבן 's plan to attack יעקב when the latter flees. This is likely based on the fact that לבן is referred to as לָבָן הָאֲרַמִּי (in בראשית כה :כ , for example).
לַבֵּן (תהלים ט:א )
דוד dedicates the 9th chapter of תהלים to " מוּת לַבֵּן " a phrase of uncertain meaning. It may refer to the death of a man named לבן , or it may mean that one of דוד 's sons has died.
לְבָנָה (עזרא ב:מה, נחמיה ז:מח)
לִבְנִי בֶּן גֵּרְשׁוֹן (שמות ו:יז, במדבר ג:יח, כו:נח, דברי הימים א ו:ב)
לִבְנִי בֶּן מַחְלִי (דברי הימים א ו:יד)
לְהָבִים (בראשית י:יג, דברי הימים א א:יא)
Descendants of מצרים .
לַהַד בֶּן יַחַת (דברי הימים א ד:ב)
לוּד בֶּן שֵׁם (בראשית י:כב, דברי הימים א א:יז)
A grandson of נח .
לוּדִים (בראשית י:יג, דברי הימים א א:יא)
Descendants of מצרים .
לוֹט (בראשית יא-יד, יט)
Son of הרן and nephew of אברהם . לוט leaves אור כשדים with his uncle and aunt and settles in כנען . When אברהם descends to Egypt לוט accompanies him there. Both uncle and nephew own many sheep and cattle and find it difficult to live together because of a lack of grazing land, so they split up. לוט moves to סדם . During a war between four kings and five kings (including the leader of סדם ) לוט is taken captive. אברהם rallies a small army of 318 men, rescues לוט and helps the five kings win the war (פרשת לך לך ). God decides to destroy the towns of סדם and עמרה and sends his messengers (angels) to rescue לוט from the impending disaster. לוט takes the "men" into his home and when the wicked townsfolk of סדם surround the house demanding that לוט deliver his guests to them to be sodomized, לוט instead offers his virgin daughters to the crowd. לוט is unable to convince his sons-in-law to flee the town and so escapes with only his wife and his two unmarried daughters. The family is warned not to look behind them as they escape the destruction, but לוט 's wife turns to look and is turned into a pillar of salt (according to the מדרש , לוט 's wife's name is עדית : ילקוט שמעוני פרשת וירא רמז פ "ד ). Alone in the hills, לוט 's daughters believe that all of humanity has perished and that they must populate the world. On two successive nights they get their father drunk, sleep with him and become pregnant. The older daughter names her son מואב (meaning "from father") and this son is the founder of the nation of מואב . The younger daughter names her son בן עמי , and he founds the nation of עמון (פרשת וירא ).
לוֹטָן בֶּן שֵׂעִיר הַחֹרִי (בראשית לו:כ, דברי הימים א א:לח )
A son of שֵׂעִיר הַחֹרִי .
לֵוִי (בראשית כט-נ, שמות ו:טז, דברי הימים א ב:א)
Third son of יעקב and לאה . לוי is so named because his mother believes that after giving birth to three sons יעקב will feel joined to her (יִלָוֶה ) (פרשת ויצא ). לוי 's younger sister דינה is raped by שכם בן חמור and לוי and his brother שמעון plot revenge against שכם and his townspeople. They tell שכם that they will let him marry their sister on condition that he and all his relatives and neighbours agree to circumcise themselves. When שכם agrees, the brothers take advantage of the people's weakened state to kill all the menfolk of the town. יעקב rebukes his two sons, fearing retribution from the neighbouring towns. שמעון and לוי defend their behaviour, arguing that their sister is not to be treated like a prostitute (פרשת וישלח ). לוי lives to 137. His two most famous descendants are משה and אהרן , but all of שבט לוי are singled out to serve as Israel's teachers and religious leaders. שבט לוי is assigned the task of working in the משכן as substitutes for the first-borns of Israel (במדבר ג :יב -יג ). Important personalities to emerge from שבט לוי include: משה , אהרן , מרים , אלעזר , קרח , פינחס , עלי , אלקנה , שמואל , ירמיהו and עזרא .
לִוְיָתָן (ישעיה כז:א, תהלים קד:כו, איוב מ-מא )
The לויתן is a giant aquatic creature. God's address to איוב centres on his insignificant place in the universe. To illustrate this point, God argues that man could not possibly capture or tame לויתן who is described as a fearsome creature. Although לויתן is sometimes referred to as God's plaything (תהלים קד :כו , איוב מ :כט ), ישעיהו predicts that in the future God will kill this serpent. According to the Gemara, the skin of the לויתן will one day serve as a Sukkah for the righteous who will also feast on its flesh (בבא בתרא עה .).
לַחְמִי (דברי הימים א כ:ה)
A brother of the פלשתי giant גלית , who is a giant himself. He is killed by אלחנן בן יעיר , a soldier in דוד 's army. In a parallel account in שמואל ב כא :יט , the victim of אלחנן 's zeal is named גלית .
לְטוּשִׁים (בראשית כה:ג )
father of פַּלְטִי
לְמוּאֵל (משלי לא:א)
A contributing author to the book of משלי . According to the מדרש , למואל is another name for שלמה who is believed to have written the entire book (במדבר רבה י ).
לֶמֶךְ בֶּן מְתוּשָׁאֵל (בראשית ד:יח-כד)
A descendant of קין . למך has two wives עדה and צלה and four children: יבל , יובל , תובל קין and נעמה . למך makes a declaration to his wives which has been interpreted as either a threat of violence towards them or a profession of innocence. According to the מדרש , למך is blind and kills both his ancestor קין and his son תובל קין (see מדרש תנחומא פרשת בראשית סימן יא ).
לֶמֶךְ בֶּן מְתוּשֶׁלַח (בראשית ה:כה-לא, דברי הימים א א:ג)
לַעְדָּה בֶּן עֵר (דברי הימים א ד:כא)
לַעְדָּן (דברי הימים א כג:ז)
לַעְדָּן בֶּן תַּחַן (דברי הימים א ז:כו)
husband of דְּבוֹרָה
לִקְחִי בֶּן שְׁמִידָע (דברי הימים א ז:יט)