|א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת|
grandfather of יְהוֹנָתָן
מְנַשֶּׁה (בראשית מא:נא, מח)
First-born son of יוסף . יוסף names his son מנשה claiming that God has made him forget " נַשַּׁנִי " his toil and his father's house (פרשת מקץ ). When מנשה 's grandfather, יעקב , blesses him and his brother, מנשה discovers that his descendants will not be as great as אפרים 's, as יעקב insists on putting his left hand (considered the weaker one) on משנה 's head when he bestows his blessings upon the two (פרשת ויחי ). The tribes of ראובן and גד and half of מנשה request land on the eastern side of the Jordan river rather than on the western side. They feel that the eastern side can better support their abundant cattle. משה grants their wish on condition that they participate in the battles on the western side of the river too (פרשת מטות ). יהושע reminds the half-tribe of their obligation in chapter 1 of ספר יהושע and acknowledges in chapter 22 that they have fulfilled their responsibility to the nation. After the tribes return to their land on the eastern side of the Jordan River, they construct an altar which is interpreted by the western Israelites as a break with the nation and a forbidden act. A delegation confronts the eastern community and threatens them with war if they do not remove the altar. The tribes answer that the altar they have built is not for sacrifices, but is a monument to their association with the rest of Israel (יהושע כב ). צלפחד is from שבט מנשה as are the שופטים : גדעון , אבימלך , יאיר הגלעדי and יפתח . According to the מדרש , the Israelite king יֵהוּא is from שבט מנשה (פסיקתא רבתי פרק ג ). This is most likely based on the similarity between the name מנשה and יהוא 's grandfather's name- נִמְשִׁי . This of course means that whole line of kings descended from יהוא is also from this tribe: יהואחז , יואש , ירבעם and זכריה .
מְנַשֶּׁה (עזרא י:ל)
מְנַשֶׁה (עזרא י:לג )
מְנַשֶּׁה בֶּן חִזְקִיָּהוּ (מלכים ב כא, דברי הימים א ג:יג, דברי הימים ב לג)
The fourteenth king of יהודה . מנשה is an idolatrous king who commits all sorts of Biblical violations including murder. As a result of his behaviour God announces to His prophets that He will completely destroy ירושלים . מנשה reigns for 55 years and is followed by his son אָמוֹן . Altars that are constructed by מנשה are later destroyed by his grandson King יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ during the latter's religious reforms (מלכים ב כג :יב ). According to דברי הימים , מנשה is taken captive by the king of אשור to בבל . There, מנשה repents and is therefore freed. Upon his return to ירושלים he rids the city of idolatry and entreats the people to serve only God.