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  ( :)
Seven of this man's descendants are pressured to give up their non-Jewish wives in the time of .



  ( , , :-, )
Captain of the guard of the Babylonian king   is charged with destroying the   and burning   at the end of the Judean state. His king gives   charge over telling him not to harm the prophet.   is fetched and   gives him a choice to stay in   or join the exiled Judeans in   chooses not to leave   and is put under the care of .



  ()  ( -, , , , , :, , , -, :-)
This Babylonian king destroys the   and He begins his conquest over   by subjugating King   for three years, at which point the Judean king rebels.   besieges   during the 8th year of his reign. By that time   is king of   and he surrenders to   leading to his imprisonment.   loots the city and the Temple, exiles the residents to   and installs 's  uncle (whom he renames ) on the throne.   rebels against prompting him to besiege   for the second time in two years. During this traumatic period   begs   to pray on behalf of the city, but   repeats his prediction that   will conquer   and capture Indeed, the prophecies of   contain many statements of 's  impending success against   (two such examples appear in :   and : ). The siege of   lasts about a year and a half, whereupon the walls are breached and the city is invaded.   flees but is captured near   and exiled to but not before witnessing the murder of his sons by   sends his general   to burn the   and the city of   exiles the population of   to   and installs   as governor over the remnant of Jews in Judea. In the king selects some of his captives to be trained as advisors to him. Among those chosen are   and God assists the four by boosting their intelligence and they subsequently impress the king with their wisdom and understanding (chapter 1 of ).   has troubling dreams and he demands that his advisors reveal to him both their content and meaning. Only having been prompted by God, is able to oblige the king. For this success,   is appointed governor in   by   (chapter 2).   sets up a colossal golden statue decreeing that at the sound of certain horns and pipes all citizens must bow to the image (which was presumably of a deity). The penalty for ignoring this law is to be cast into a fiery furnace.   and   naturally refuse to bow to the statue and are called before their employer,   who challenges their behaviour. The three declare that they are prepared to be burned alive rather than betray their God. They are bound and thrown into the furnace where they are seen walking around with a fourth man (identified by the Gemara as the angel   who is sent to rescue them. See .) The sight astonishes   who blesses God for saving his believers. The king promotes the three Jews and issues another law protecting the name of the true God (chapter 3).   has another dream and this time he appeals directly to   (whom he addresses as ) for assistance in recalling and interpreting it. The king has seen a great tree providing fruit and shade. The tree is cut down by a holy man and the animals it has been sheltering flee. Only the stump of the tree and its roots remain.   reports that the tree represents the king himself and that God is predicting his fall from power.   will be driven from the company of men and will end up eating grass with the beasts of the field.   will know that true power is only God's; He grants power to whomever He chooses.   does seem to go mad for a period, after which he regains his senses and praises God (chapter 4).



  ( :)
An officer in the   army. Following the conquest of   by the king orders that   not be harmed.   is one of the party sent to fetch the prophet from his cell.



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A man at the centre of a distressing story in   known as " ".    owns a vineyard next to the palace of king of Israel.   wants the vineyard and offers to give   another piece of land or money in exchange for the plot. however, refuses to sell his ancestral land. 's  wife   devises a scheme to fulfill her husband's desire. She frames   by having two men testify falsely that he cursed God and the king. As a punishment for this,   is stoned to death by his town.   subsequently takes 's  land.



  ( :)
A man from   captures the town of   in the   and renames it .



father of



  ( :, : )
Eldest son of .



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While   is gaining power and experience in the Judean wilderness, he has occasion to afford protection and provide lodging for the shepherds of a man named   is a descendant of the family of in   (he lives in ).   asks   to compensate him for the services rendered, but   insults   instead. As revenge,   plans to slaughter 's  entire household, but the man's wife,   persuades   to back off. When   hears about the thwarted plan he is sick with fear, and God kills him ten days later.   marries the widow .



  ( :)
A son of   born in .



  ( :, , :-, :, :)
First-born son of and a He and his younger brother   bring an inappropriate   (incense) offering and are struck dead by God. The bodies of the two are removed from the   by their cousins   and   ( ).



  ( : )
A descendant of .



  ( :-)
Son of the first king of divided Israel,   reigns for two years. He displeases God by following his father's idolatrous practices.   and a force of Israelites attack killing him and taking his throne.



  ( :)
A descendant of .



  ( : )
Son of the nineteenth king of .



  ( )  ( : )
A leader of the people during the time of   is a signatory to a pledge - an affirmed by the leaders of the community. Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.



  ( : )
A son of .



  ( : )
A descendant of   and father of .



  ( :)
A   during the time of 's  return to He and several others weigh out the silver and gold that is brought with the Jews from .



  ( :)
A prophetess hired by 's  enemies   and   to intimidate him.



  ( -, :-, : )
  is well known as the man who builds a giant boat (ark) and fills it with animals to spare them from a flood. God observes that after ten generations the world has become corrupt and decides to destroy all life on the planet. However, God seems to want to preserve life for a post-diluvian world and so He commands   to take a male and female representative of every species and shelter them in an ark during the flooding of the earth. Rain falls for forty days and forty nights and remains on the earth for 150 days, after which the ark comes to rest on the mountains of Ararat and the waters start to recede.   sends a raven and then a dove out of the boat to test if the world is habitable.   is accompanied on his voyage by his wife (see ) and three sons and their wives. After the flood   plants a vineyard and gets drunk on its grapes. His son   sees   naked and reports it to his brothers. 's  other sons   and   cover   and when the father awakes he curses 's  son. All of humanity springs from 's  three sons.   dies at the age of 950 ( ). Before the destruction of God tells   that even the presence of righteous people like   and   would not be able to save the city ( : : ). See Appendix #1 for a chronology of the flood.



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The spy representing   sent to   by   and nine of his colleagues return to the nation with an anxious message of doom, arguing that although the land of Israel is a good land, it is inhabited by fearsome opponents whom   will be unable to defeat.   and the remaining two spies, plead with the nation to ignore such pessimism and to trust that God will assist the nation in conquering the land. The people however, are persuaded by the majority of the spies and cry that they would have been better off dying in Egypt. God punishes   for their lack of faith, condemning them to wander in the desert for forty years. God declares that since this generation has rejected the land, they will not inherit it; instead, their children will be the ones to enter the promised land. The faithless spies die in a plague ( ).



see



  ()
A prophet of unknown date. 's  chief message is the future downfall of capital city of the Assyrian Empire. In three chapters, the prophet joyfully describes the fate awaiting Israel's great enemy:   breathes with relief when God seeks vengeance upon   for their ruthless conquest of Israel and exile of its people. 's  pride is restored as   is crushed, her people slaughtered and her treasures looted.



  ( :-, :)
Son of eighth generation after   lives to age 148.



  ( :-, :-)
A son of younger brother of married to   seems to have been history's first child to be named after a grandfather.   has twelve sons, among them father of   ( ).



  ( :)
A brother-in-law of a descendant of .



  ( :, :)
A Jew returning with   to   following the edict of .



  ()
A governor - of the revitalized state of Israel following the rebuilding of the Temple and Jerusalem.   is living in Persia in the city of serving as a cupbearer to King when he receives a party of refugees from the land of Israel. This group, led by   report to   the sorry state of affairs in the people there are suffering and the walls and gates remain broken and burned.   is greatly distressed at this description and begs God to have mercy on His people and to return them to their land (chapter 1).   then appeals to his employer, to grant him a leave of absence so that he may travel to   and aid in its reconstruction. The king agrees to this request and presents   with letters of passage to guarantee a safe journey to Israel. Upon his arrival,   takes a night-time tour of the city and finds it in ruins. He gathers the Jewish leaders and tells them of his plan to build the city with the help of God (chapter 2). The leaders of the Jewish community jump right in and begin to reconstruct the walls of   endures the taunts of two Persian governors,   a leader in and   a ruler in the These two mock 's  and the Jews' efforts to build the city walls, claiming that the project will never last (chapter 3). The words however turn to threats when 's  adversaries realize that the Jews are succeeding.   understands that there really is a danger of violence and divides his workers into two groups. Building still proceeds from dawn to nightfall, but only half of the people work on the construction; the other half, who are armed with spears and bows, guard the project, prepared for any attack (chapter 4). As leader of the community   imposes social justice by convincing the rich to be compassionate to the poor (chapter 5).   and   plan to kill   and repeatedly ask him to meet them in one of the villages near   however is wise to their plot and refuses.   then sends a message to "everybody is talking about the true reason you have built the wall - you wish to rebel against the king and to declare yourself king of Come, let us discuss the issue."   replies that this claim is a complete fabrication.   is not intimidated by these tactics. He seeks the advice of one   who suggests that he take refuge in the Temple.   declines because he realizes that   is in fact in league with his enemies.   asks God to take note of his enemies' behaviour and mentions an otherwise unknown person, whom   says is part of a group of prophets trying to frighten him (chapter 6). Through all this aggravation the walls around   are completed and a national assembly is called.   the scribe addresses the gathering and reads and teaches from the Torah, after which there is a great celebration of the holiday of Following the feast, the people of Israel confess their sins, learn some more Torah, and listen to a recitation of Israelite history (chapters 8-9). Contrite over past sins, they resolve to follow the laws of the Torah, and the community's leaders sign a declaration - an to this effect. The signatories to this statement promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make the required donations to the Temple (chapter 10).   presides over a dedication ceremony for the walls of   which comprises prayers, music and processions, and sacrifices to God (chapter 12).   returns to   but again asks   for permission to travel to   when he learns that one of his foes, has been given lodging in the Temple by the   also takes action against 's  grandson ( 's  son) who has intermarried by banishing him. On this second trip to   puts things in order in the Temple. He appoints treasurers to insure that the Levites get the salary they deserve.   is dismayed to witness business transactions on Shabbat and orders the gates of   locked before the onset of the holy day to prevent merchants from entering. He also takes the people to task for continuing to intermarry and warns them not to betray God (chapter 13).   appeals several times to God to remember all the work he has done on His behalf, and his book ends with the statement: remember me, my God, for good (13:31). According to the Gemara ( .)   contributes to the writing of .



  ( :)
This ruler of half the district of   is credited with participating in the construction of the walls of   in the time of .


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