|א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת|
עֶזְרָא (נחמיה יב:א)
A כהן who returns to יהודה with זְרֻבָּבֶל . This might be the individual for whom the family of כהנים is named (נחמיה יב :יג ).
עֶזְרָא (נחמיה יב:לג)
An official who participates in the dedication ceremonies of the walls of ירושלים in the time of נחמיה .
עֶזְרָא הַסֹּפֵר (עֶזְרָא בֶּן שְׂרָיָה בֶּן עֲזַרְיָה בֶּן חִלְקִיָּה בֶּן שַׁלּוּם בֶּן צָדוֹק בֶּן אֲחִיטוּב בֶּן אֲמַרְיָה בֶן עֲזַרְיָה בֶּן מְרָיוֹת בֶּן זְרַחְיָה בֶן עֻזִּי בֶּן בֻּקִּי בֶּן אֲבִישׁוּעַ בֶּן פִּינְחָס בֶּן אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֵן) (עזרא ז-י, נחמיה ח )
A scribe and a כהן , עזרא leads a return of Jews to Israel following the reconstruction of the Temple. Armed with a letter from אַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתְּא authorizing his leadership, עזרא leaves בבל with the purpose of teaching Torah in the land of Israel. He collects money from the Jews of בבל to support the fledgling state, and is also granted monetary gifts from the Persian treasury by the king himself. אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא instructs עזרא to set up a system of governance in Israel and to impose Torah law in the land. On the way to Israel, עזרא discovers that there are no לְוִיִּם among the large company who have joined him. He sends a message to אִדּוֹ at כָּסִפִיָא to supply the group with לוים who can serve in the rebuilt Temple. Roughly 40 לוים and 220 נְתִינִים are sent to complete the population moving to Israel. עזרא then declares a fast among his compatriots as an appeal for divine assistance in overcoming any enemies or obstacles the people might encounter on their journey. Upon arriving in Israel, עזרא is dismayed to discover that many of the Jews there have intermarried among the non-Jewish residents of the land. עזרא cries to God, begging forgiveness on behalf of the people for having neglected His commands. His speeches have a great impact on the population and שְׁכַנְיָה בֶּן יְחִיאֵל comforts the leader by telling him that the people will repent and divorce their foreign wives. עזרא calls for a national assembly to take place in ירושלים , giving the people three days to gather there. All of the people of יהודה and בנימין converge in the city where they are rebuked by עזרא who calls upon them to leave their non-Jewish women. Most of those present agree to enforce such a measure across the nation, though several men oppose the idea. The text of עזרא lists 113 men who had married foreign women. After נחמיה 's construction of the walls of ירושלים there is a national assembly at which עזרא reads the Torah to the community. He and his assistants explain the commandments therein and exhort the people to celebrate the holiday of סוכות (chapter 8 in נחמיה ). Following the feast, the people of Israel confess their sins, learn some more from the Torah, and listen to a recitation of Israelite history (chapter 9). The Talmud credits עזרא with instituting ten laws on behalf of the Jewish people including the practice of reading the Torah on Shabbat afternoons and Monday and Thursday mornings (בבא קמא פב .). In one version of the Talmud's explanation of variant Hebrew scripts, עזרא is said to have introduced כְּתַב אַשּׁוּרִית (the script used today) to the Jews (סנהדרין כא :). The scribe is also credited with writing the book which bears his name and parts of דברי הימים (בבא בתרא טו .).
father of עֲמַשְׁסַי
עֲזַרְאֵל (עזרא י:מא)
עֲזַרְאֵל (נחמיה יב:לו )
A כהן and musician who plays in the dedication ceremonies for the walls of ירושלים in the time of נחמיה .
עַזֲרְאֵל (דברי הימים א יב:ו)
A soldier who joins דוד in צקלג .
עֲזַרְאֵל בֶּן יְרֹחָם (דברי הימים א כז:כב)