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  ( :, :, :, :)
Sixth-born son of .



  ( :)
A descendant of This might be the same individual as   listed in : .



  ( )  ( -, :, )
The first king of Israel.   is described as tall and good. We first meet him during his search for missing donkeys. He and his servant approach   for guidance and   secretly anoints   king (chapters 9 and 10). He is soon presented by   to the nation and faces immediate scorn as some of the citizenry doubt his leadership abilities (chapter 10).   is humble and brave and soon proves his mettle by galvanizing the nation to fight   (chapter 11) and the   (chapters 13 and 14). He stumbles in chapter 13 when he preempts   and offers a   on his own. During battle with the   forbids his men from eating until the enemy is vanquished. The prince, unaware of the vow eats honey, leading   to condemn his son to death. The people however, demand that   be spared (chapter 14).   commands   to battle   and to obliterate them in order to fulfill the 's  command of :   partially obeys, allowing the people to keep 's  sheep and oxen, and sparing the king. 's  subsequent rebuke is met with excuses by the king (chapter 15). God's disappointment with   for not killing leads Him to select   as the next monarch. This appointment is unknown to   who soon meets   in the palace. God infuses   with an evil spirit and in an attempt to calm the king's nerves, his aides bring a harpist, to serve as court musician.   is much taken with loves him, in fact, making him the royal armour bearer (chapter 16).   emerges as clear competition to   in the following episode. 's  army is challenged by a   giant, to send a representative to engage in a duel with the six cubit tall warrior. no midget himself, is nevertheless terrified of the adversary and he and his army remain locked in a standoff with the   for 40 days. The arrival of   on the battlefield brings hope to the national situation as the youth offers to accept the challenge.   kills the   and Israel subsequently defeats his army (chapter 17).   is a hugely successful and popular soldier and as his reputation grows so does 's  distrust of him. This sense of competition coupled with the evil spirit possessing   leads him twice to try to kill   by throwing a spear at him (18:11 and 19:10). In an attempt to ensure 's  death,   agrees to let his daughter   marry as long as the latter kills 100   and returns with their foreskins.   delivers 200 and marries   (chapter 18).   cannot abide the fact that his son and heir to the throne, is enamoured with and is keeping company with their political rival. He tries another tactic, sending soldiers to 's  house at night to have him slain. 's  wife   helps him escape and lies to her father, claiming that   threatened to harm her if she didn't save him.   then pursues   to   where he has taken refuge with the prophet Upon his arrival the king is seized with the spirit of God, strips off his clothes and spends the night prophesying (chapter 19).   again makes his intentions known to his son, rebuking him for favouring   when it means he will never be king (chapter 20).   discovers that   has recently taken refuge in   (news he learns from ) and summons   and all the   from there and accuses them of treason. When his servants refuse to kill the   does the grisly deed, slaughtering 85   in addition to the women and children of the town. 's  son, is the lone survivor and he escapes to   (chapter 22).   plans on storming a town that   has saved from the but   hears of the plans and manages to escape.   gets a tip from   (Israelites from ) about 's  whereabouts and pursues him into the desert but breaks off his chase to beat back a   attack (chapter 23).   next follows   to   where   actually confronts him.   is hunting   with 3000 soldiers when he enters a cave to relieve himself.   and his men are hiding in the back of the cave and   cuts a piece off 's  cloak. As soon as   leaves the cave,   appears at its mouth and reveals himself, arguing that had he really been treasonous he could have killed   right then.   is persuaded that   means him no harm and secures an oath from   that when he is king he will not kill 's  descendants (chapter 24). On another tip from the citizens of   takes his posse to   to trap   sneaks down to the king's camp at night and makes off with 's  spear and water flask.   climbs a mountain and first addresses the general who failed to protect Next, showing the spear, he again tells   that he had a fine opportunity to kill him and refrained. Is this not proof of 's  loyalty?   admits as much and blesses The two part, never to meet again (chapter 26).   is preparing once again to fight the this time at and fearing the upcoming battle, decides to seek the advice of his dead mentor. He visits a woman whom he believes can raise the spirits of the dead, and asks her to call forth   is distressed at being disturbed and tells the king that due to his sins, he and his sons will die the next day in battle with the   also delivers the news that   has spent half his career trying to prevent:   will succeed   on Israel's throne (chapter 28). During the battle the next day,   is pinned down by   archers and fearing capture, he begs his armour bearer to kill him. The aide refuses so   kills himself by falling on his sword. The death of the king leads to panic amongst the Israelites, some of whom flee their towns. The   find the bodies of the royal family. They cut off the king's head and hang his body on the wall of The people from   whom   rescued from   (chapter 11) retrieve 's  body from the   and bury him and his sons in   (chapter 31). After his death, 's  loyal general attempts to continue the dynasty of   by installing his son   as king over Israel ( ). But   is slain and the entire nation accepts   as its new leader. In a bizarre episode appearing later in   (chapter 21)   pacifies the   by delivering seven of 's  descendants to them for execution.   subsequently buries these seven along with the bones of   and   his son in the family sepulchre at Rabbinic assessment of   is mixed. In one source, the Gemara criticizes him for misplaced sympathy (for sparing the king of ) and misplaced cruelty (for slaughtering the   at ). On the other hand, on that same page,   states that   was a faultless individual ( :) A third Gemara argues that   was actually superior to   ( :) 's  failure in fighting   (chapter 15) forms the   for .



  ( :, :)
A king of   who rules after .



  ( :)
A descendant of   who is pressured to give up his non-Jewish wife in the time of .



father of



  ( : )
Grandson of the nineteenth king of .



  ( :)
Son of the prophet   who accompanies the latter on his mission of encouragement to king of This character's name is meant to give hope to the Judeans, since it means "a remnant will return" to God.



  ( : )
A granddaughter of   builds several towns.



  ( :, :)
A grandson of great-grandson of .



  ( :, : )
A grandson of .



  ( :, :)
A grandson of great-grandson of .



  ( :, : )
A   from the   family (and 's  grandson) after whom a division of   is named.   also serves as a treasurer for the sanctuary.



  ()  ( :, )
A   and musician who plays in the sanctuary service in the time of He leads the group which works thirteenth in the cycle of 24 divisions of .



  ( :, :)
Descendants of this   return to   with   following the edict of .



  ( :-)
This leader of along with two other foreigners, helps   during 's  rebellion by providing him with food and supplies. 's  father wars with and his brother   fights .



  ()  ( -, :-, )
A scribe under king of When king of sends   to   to call for its surrender,   and   receive the speech but ask   to speak in Aramean rather than in Hebrew so as not to discourage the listening Jerusalemites. Naturally,   dismisses this request for he wishes to convince the people to rebel against their king and surrender. The three officers return to   in torn clothes to report on 's  speech.   predicts that   will be removed from his position of power and will be replaced by .



  ( :-)
During the national assembly called by this man joins other   in blessing the people and asking them to praise God. This might be the same   who is a signatory to a pledge - an affirmed by the leaders of the community in the time of   ( : ). Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.



  ( :, :)
A   during the time of   is a signatory to a pledge - an affirmed by the leaders of the community. Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.



  ( :)
A second   by this name living during the time of   who is a signatory to a pledge - an affirmed by the leaders of the community. Those who sign the declaration promise to observe the commandments of the Torah, to refrain from intermarrying, to avoid commerce on Shabbat, and to make regular donations to the Temple.



  ( :)
A   and a musician who plays the trumpet before the   in the time of .



  ( :)
A descendant of .



  ( )
A man from   who, after 's  rebellion, succeeds in turning most of the nation of Israel against First   and then   pursue   to quell his rebellion.   takes refuge in the city   in northern Israel.   besieges the city and is preparing to storm it when a woman convinces him to stand down. She rallies her townspeople who cut off 's  head and toss it out to   thus ending the insurrection.



  ( :)
A descendant of .



  ( :)
Following 's  reconstruction of the walls of a national assembly is called at which   reads to the people from the Torah.   helps   explain the text to the people.



  ( : )
A   who works outside of the   settles in   in the time of a move which was unusual then.



  ( :)
Upon 's  arrival in Israel he is dismayed to learn that many Jews in the land have intermarried and proposes that his people abandon their foreign women. a takes a stand on the matter, although it is unclear on which side.



  ( :)
A grandson of great-grandson of .



  ( )  ( :)
The youngest son of   who dies as a punishment when his father disregards 's  curse against rebuilding .



father of


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