and first matriarch of Israel.
and is renamed by God. When the family sets out from
ארץ כנען ,
of course accompanies her husband (פרשת נח )
. Soon after their arrival in
a famine forces the couple to travel to Egypt. On the way,
(who is yet to be called
remarks to his wife that her beauty might put him in danger- the Egyptians might take her and kill him. He suggests that they pretend they are siblings in order to avoid any trouble. Indeed,
attracts attention and is taken to
is given gifts of many cattle. As punishment for
behaviour, God strikes the royal household with a plague.
and promptly ejects him and
from the country. Since
is barren, she suggests to
that he marry her Egyptian maid
and hopefully she will conceive; in this way
will be "built up through her."
but when she does become pregnant she arouses the jealousy of
who treats her so poorly that
runs away. At the time that God declares His intention to give
a son of her own, He changes her husband's name to
and her name to
(פרשת לך לך )
. Three men come to visit
and repeat the prediction that
will have a son within a year's time.
overhears this news and laughs at it. She is subsequently rebuked by God who tells
showed a lack of faith by thinking she was too old to bear a child.
denies having laughed.
is again passed off as
sister when the family travels to
and she is abducted by King
God appears to
in a dream and threatens him with death. The king confronts
who explains that he didn't trust the people of the place to act honourably, and furthermore that he and
share the same father (see
בראשית כ :יב )
. The couple is sent off with great riches.
gives birth to
who is circumcised according to the covenant with God. Seeing her maid's son
making sport of
banish the youth and his mother.
is upset at this request but
wish is approved by God (פרשת וירא )
dies at age 127 and is buried by her husband
(פרשת חיי שרה )
. The Gemara lists
as one of seven female prophets:
מגילה יד ..